17)Shri aksharAya namah! The imperishable One!

nAsharahitanu nInu aksharanu namO namO

shAshavata vaikuMTAdiyali ramipi svaramaNa

Isha sarvAdhAra ninnadhIne aviyOgi ramme

shrIsha, ninnali Ota prOtavAgihudu shrItatva

Shri Prasanna Shreenivasa dasa gurubhyoh namah!

O akshara, I bow down to you in complete surrender. You are  eternal and imperishable in all aspects. You are hence called as the Omnipresent ,Changeless one. You sport about in the flawless place known as Vaikunta , being completely immersed in bliss within Yourself, not needing any external source of happiness. You are the controller and sustainer of all . You are the controller of Lakshmi and she is inseparable from You at all times and places. You are called “shrIsha”, and  she pervades completely in You .Here both the references to Him as the Lord of Shri as well ,being pervaded by Shri seem contradictory. The one who pervades is Superior as that would be the base and support for the other. But having already declared Hari as Superior and constant in this Superiority, Dasaru is making something else clear by saying,”ninnalli shritatva OtaprOtavAdige”

The Shrutis declares that the entire world is created by the Chit Prakruti Lakshmi through the vibration of the three gunas which are completely under Her control. The three gunas and their abhimAni Lakshmi are in need of the support of Paramatma to do this. And Paramatma’s will and His sustainance of Lakshmi in the creation of this world is clearly established by this sentence. The BrihadAranyakOpanishad says

ekO devah sarvabhUtEshu gUDah sarva sAkshi

sarva vyApi ,sarvalOkadhivAsa…….

Here the words ‘sarvvvyApi” and “sarvalOkAdhivAsa” confirm the omnipresence of the Lord as well as the fact that He is the sustaining power  and is the one who exists at all times.

Your state of imperishability is constant and unchanging for all time and in all attributes. You ,being free from such destruction of any kind are the master of the subtle worlds like Vaikunta-free from defects and enjoy bliss without the aid of any external agencies. You are blissful by nature and it is Your inherent nature. You grace the souls to become free from destruction and then enable them to enjoy their inherent bliss in these subtle places which are flawless.

You are the only support for everyone and everything-sarvaadhara. This one word clearly gives us a picture and finality of His omnipotence. He bears everything and makes them exist.

dravayam karma kAlashcha swabhAvo jIva eva cha

yad anugrahatah saMti na saMti yadupekshaya||…Bhagavatha

biMbareniparu svOttamaru prati

biMbareniparu svAvararu prati

biMbabiMbagaLoLage kEvala biMba hariyeMdu.. HKAS 4.35

He is inner energiser , propeller, controller and the one who inspires the jiva in all its actions. There is herarchy of beings who maybe the energises and controllers at various levels, but Hari is one who is the Final One and who has no energiser or controller. He exists independent of anyone or anything.

He is the sustainer of the earth, its rivers, its mountains , it flora and fauna, its beings and every thing to the most minute atoms too. One may ask, what is there in an atom or a river which is lifeless for it be sustained. It could exist without such support. But such is not the case . Atoms are composed of even smaller particles and they are held in place by an inter-atomic forces. The energy for these forces is provided by the infinite energy who designed these structures, their interconnectivity, their inter-dependences etc and keeps these modes intact during creation. See the link below for more information .


This center of gravity, the spinning of the earth and its revolution , the constant stream  of solar energy from the sun and many more absolutely wonderful processes go on around us without us, even recognizing them as something spectacular and wonderful. It is the great leela of the Lord who pervades everywhere along with His consort Rama.

Kanaka Dasaru says ,

EtanIga vAsudEvanu

EtanIga vAsudeva I samasta lOkadoDeya

You, O Vasudeva are the master of the entire  universe.

Coming back to the last line of the poetic bhashya….

shrIsha, ninnali Ota prOtavAgihudu shrItatva

Since Rama is also with Him at all times and places, is she independent of His support? To that Dasaru answers, “He is the Lord of Ramaa devi too.Her very existence is supported by Him.”

Lord Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita

dwavimou purushou lOke ksharascha akshara eva cha

kshara sarvAni bhUtani kuTastho akshara uchchyate  15.16

uttamah purushasthvanyah paramAtmethiyudAhrutah

yO lOkatrayam Avishya bhibhartyavyayIshwarah  ..15.17

He pervades everywhere and is superior to all the perishable beings as well as the imperishable Lakshmi.



Author: Parimala R

I am a student of Madhwa's philosophy and a listener of the expositions of Shri Madhwa's works through my gurugalu Shri Bannanje Govindacharya .This blog is an attempt to express the jewels contained in those along with the verses of a Haridasaru, Shri Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru . I speak on the verses of the Harikathamruthasaara to students at my place and in the nearby Turahalli Rayar mutt and also on skype. I am also into studying the Bhagavad gita closely with a small group, since the past year, the source of study being the expositions of Shri Bannanje .

2 thoughts on “17)Shri aksharAya namah! The imperishable One!”

  1. || Sri Gurubhyo Namah ||

    Our Namaskara to you, for including us in this satsanga with Shri Prasanna Srinivasa dasaru, which is headed towards bliss i.e gnana for Sri Hari’s guna gaana .

    With Sri Hari’s Grace , I would like to add my views on the topic “shrIsha, ninnali Ota prOtavAgihudu shrItatva”.

    In Dwadasha Stotra, prathamo adyaya, Sri Madhwaacharya gives us a beautiful description of the Sri Vasudeva roopi parmatma and instructs us to meditate upon this form from His Lotus feet to Head. In each of the part from His Lotus feet to Head, Acharya clearly shows us how “Sri” pervades completely in “Srisha”

    Acharya Madhwa, addresses Vasudeva roopi paramatma as Indira pathi.

    The Lotus feet of Lord Shripathi- Constantly touched by Crowns of the great Lords like Lakshmi, Brahma, Vayu.

    Hip portion of the Lord Vasudeva – “Sri” pervades completely in the form of abharana, ambara[garment],sitting as herself in His thigh .

    Belly of the Lord Isha- though slender, beholds the entire universe[which is filled by tri guna and controlled by Sri MahaLakshmi by Lord Sri Hari’s grace], which is embellished by three folds and embraced always only by Godess Lakshmi.

    The chest portion of Lord Vishnu, is the abode of Goddess Lakshmi[MaaLakshmi Vaksha] which though boundless, is also bound by his two arms due to his supreme unfathomable power.

    The large well-built arms of Lord Shri Hari beholding Sanka[Gnana- Vedaabhimani Mahalakshmi], Chakra[Dhuritha nivaarana], Gadha[Indriya Nigrahana] and padma[peace], always engaged in the task of protection of the universe[which is created and sustained by prakruthi with Grace of Sri Hari].

    The neck of the Lord Shri Hari , causing glow to the effulgent Kaustubha gem, is to be always remembered, from which all four Vedas[Vedaabhimani Mahalakshmi] are continuously recited without any dosha[Vaikunta].

    The praise-worthy, lotus-like face of the Lord of Lakshmi[Yaamini Naatha] is to be remembered, the remover of the sorrow of bondage of samsara, having luster equal to thousand times to that of the moon – the lord of nights

    The mild smile of Lord Govinda[One who is praised by vedas], radiant with supreme innate bliss, the bestower of eternal joy, is to be always meditated.

    I remember the eyes of Shri Rama, the abode of complete bliss[Sri], which are filled with love towards the devotees [parama Bhakatalu- Sri Mahalakshmi Devi]and are an ocean of nectar capable of removing the sorrow of the Samsara.

    Thus in my view,every shubhaanga of Shri Hari is identified with its own anantha kalyana guna and embedded with “Sri” tatva.
    ||Sri Krishnaarpanamastu||

    Liked by 1 person

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