ichchOtpattigAshrayane sambhava namO ninage
machcha kachchapa varAha narasimha roopagaLu
swEchchA avataaraLa avirbhavisi agAga
prOchcha sukha tEjas bala swaroopa namaste hare
Shri Prasanna Shrinivasa dasaru sings the praise of “Sambhavah”.
“O sambhava! Who is the shelter of will and creation,from whom flows the (apparent )will of all others too, who creates as He wishes! I bow down to You and offer my humble obeisances. You have taken on the forms of Matsya, Kurma, Varaha, Narasimha and manifested Yourself out of Your own wish and will. You do this at times when you deem necessary. Your innate self is complete with undescribable,deep bliss,brilliance,strength and other auspicious gunas. I saute to You O Hare! with all reverence for Your every action is itself”hare” which implies that You move the souls away from pain and suffering when entreated upon as “hare“.What compassion,O Hare, just calling upon You as “hare” and you remove the negative impacts and consequences of our selfish actions as per our eligibility leading us to enjoy happiness both in the here and now as well as there-after too.”
paritrAnaaya sAdhunAm vinAshAya cha dushkritAm
dharma samstApanArthAya saMbhavAmi yuge yge … BG 4.8
Shri Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru describes the import of this name as per the Brihati sahasra in the first line and then gives a brief on the method of understanding it.
The first word here “ichchOtpattigAshraya” is quite intrigiuing and can open vistas of His gunas. The first contemplation that comes to mind is :ichcha mAtram prabhoh shrishTi” This is possible for only Him who is complete in the all the gunas some of which are stated by Dasaru in the third line -“prOchcha sukha tEjas bala swaroopa”.He is the one and only one of that kind. “ichchage Ashraya” – Who controls the very wish or desire of each and every soul. Why so? The shelter of ichcha implies that which enables one to have desires .
As we know ,the body is required ,and the mind sheltered by that body offers capabilities to think and have wishes. But is this mind working independent of others?
manadoLage tAnniddu manaveMdenesi koMbanu
manada vrittigalanusarisi bhOgagalivanu trivida chetanake
He resides in the mind and makes it word (vritti). Then as per the wishes and capabilities of the jiva the environment for enjoyment of the desire is created by Him and the jiva is made to expereince it. “ichchOtapattigAshraya” The jiva enjoys because of the body,the mind etc and He is the Ashraya for all these too. Finally He creates the experience for the jiva by being present in every aspect of the experience. What wonder! Everything that we experience is His creation and is as per His will . It is not for nothing that He is called ichchOtpattigAshrayanu by Dasaru. The word “sambhava” also implies wonderful creations, beautiful manifestations. When it comes to the world and bodies of jivas, He creates, when it comes to His appearances on earth He manifests.
The previous nama being “Avyaya” spoke of His imperishable nature. This holds for all His infinite gunas too. When we apply it here, we understand Him as the infinite,eternal support of will/creation and also that He suffers no loss when He manifests as Matsya, Kurma etc. All His avataras are complete with auspicious attributes and remain flawless eternally. He manifests to protect dharma/righteousness,moral code ,spirituality etc.
yada yada hi dharmasya glAnir bhavati bhArata
abhudAnam adharmasya tadAtmAnAm srijAmyaham
The explanation ends with the word”Hare” which gives the reason for His wonderful actions. Why does He engage in such creation etc… If His swaroopa itself is of infinite bliss[prOchcha sukha] without a shadow of grief then why is He doing all this? This is a question that pops up in our minds as we understand rationally that all work is done to achieve a better state of happiness than before.
For this Dasaru says He is “hare” . He does it to remove our grief and give us peace and bliss. O “sambhava”…namaste! What else to say? You are the Supreme master, yet all Your endevours have the objective of uplifting the eligible souls. “na ma” – I am nothing without You, Your ashraya is everything.
To this one may ask ,”If Paramatma itself wills everything then why is there failure in the world. His will never comes to not!” For this the answer is that He himself wills that such a failure should occur.Let us trace the events of each action and expereince.
The jivas sets out on an objective because of His will, then He performs due to His will and support. If the jiva fails then that too is His will. If there is success ,that is His will.
If we can reconcile our failures in this manner, there would be no grief in the world. It is precisely for this reason Gurushreesha vittala dasaru asks of the Lord, “ninna chittake baMdaddu enna chittakke barali anyata bayakeya koDadiru”. In the above example the third part where the jiva fails, it expereinces grief . This happens because there was an expectation of victory with feeling of entitlement. To tune oneself to the will of God is a high achievement for the sadhaka and it comes only with the grace of Hari.
Constant contemplation of His Supreme gunas and His compassion on us will surely secure His grace .That is a surety. One has to have this abiding faith.
“bahunAm janamanAm aMte jnAnavAn mAm prapadyaMte”