7.Bestower of bliss-bhAvAya namah!

AnaMda ninna brityarigIvi bhAva namO eMbe

jnAna rakshaNa kAMtidAtA sarvaganAgiruvi

ina sOma tAre modalAdarolu pravEshisi

neenu avargaLa bhAsakanAgiruviyo swataMtra

I am attempting to understand this with respect to Dasaru’s view of life and his attitude towards it. He never sought fame yet had all the pre-requisites for it. So what would be the state of mind which can enable this kind of attitude and how was it possible? Analyszing the gunas of the Lord as unfolded in Dasaru’s life is attempted here.

Shree Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru has been one of greatest personalities in the 20th century, by having crossed one of the most difficult barriers to obtain Vishnu’s grace.

One may ask, What would that be?

It is the hankering for NAME and FAME!

The number 18 which means jaya contains an important revelation. The Shastras proclaim that there are 15 bElis/barriers which bind the jiva in the sixteenth position. The 17th is Lakshmi ,the binding force and the 18th-Jaya is Paramatma. In samsaara the jiva is turned towards these obstacles and hece has one’s back towards Lakshmi Narayana. Once they turn around they will be free of the bondage of samsaara and will be in bliss.

Of these barriers the 15th one is the “Barrier of NAME and FAME”. Dasaru being a contemporary of many living scholars is being praised by them as one who never sought to reveal his name in association to the works on the most toughest texts like Brahma sutras. He used to just be a silent spectator to the praise heaped on the person who wrote it. His real name was “Purushottama rayaru” and he wrote under the name “Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru” but most of his close associates were unaware of his scholarship and command on the philosophy of Madhwa until after he passed away.

Why is it that the name is given so much priority always by everyone? Obviously it is difficult for anyone not to claim ownership of their property, of their family, of their philantrophic contributions, of art work or any such thing. Why so? Because the whole point of taking all the trouble to become accomplished in anything gives a feeling of happiness and satisfaction when it is appreciated by others who benefit from it. The happiness obtained is sought after and one would not forgo it unless one has surmounted this particular barrier,”NAME and FAME” .

FAME’s just a perception, an image, a role

But it isn’t the truth

Cause God decided that you were better than most

FAME came to you not just because of you

Under the spotlight FAME fades really fast

The fun of fame never really does last

If one were to understand and reject it , then one can cross the barrier of “NAME”.

Dasaru was one such person, He understood “bhaavaaya namah” in its true sense and with inner involvement . The One and only One who can bestow bliss. Let us look at the verse in question now.

“You confer happiness on your abiding devotees, who accept Your Supreme control on everything. My sincere obeisances to you. You are the giver of “knowledge,security and radiance, O omnipresent, omnipotent and omniscient Sarva swatantra! You enter into the sun, moon , the stars and are the cause for their brilliance .”

Here the word,bhrityas- are those who engage in action knowing that it is the command of the Lord. Nothing ever happens without His command and one who knows Him as “satyasankalpa” acts knowing that one is just the instrument in His wonderful hands. He confers bliss on such bhrityas. Acceptance of life is one of the most important lessons that one can learn, which would make life easier to handle and tackle. It not only makes it easier but makes it pleasant and sought after. It is a great lesson which is taught by many ancient philosophers and endorsed by modern thoughts too.

Shri Vadirajaru has said ,”tAluvike ginta tapavu illa…”

Kim Manley Ort | E-Courses | Adventures in Seeing | <b>Acceptance</b>

How do we develop this attitude of acceptance?

For that Dasaru says ,”Understand that He is behind the radiance of everything including the Sun, moon and the stars! If you are brillaint in anything, it means God selected you to be good in that thing, not because of Your own independent effort”

The letter “bha” has 28 different meanings given by Acharyaru commenting on the shloka of the 28 “bha’s” appearing in one of his works namely “Yamaka Bharatha”. The notes about these meanings having been recorded by “Hrisheekesha theertharu.” This has been explained by my gurugalu “Shri Banannje “on many occassions.

Here the word “bhaava” has been explained as ” jnAna rakshaNa kaMtidAta sarvaga”

The letter “bha” has the meaning “jnAna”,”deepti”,”kAMti”,”sAmeepya” etc. So the giver of knowledge, the instigator of memory, the giver of wisdom which shines when knowledge is experienced, the giver of radiance and the giver of the feeling of nearness to God are some of the meanings for the name “bhAva”.When one progresses in heartfelt devotion to Bhaava, then the attributes start reflecting in our lives to certain extent. The datu ‘ava” means rakshana ie protection. He protects his devotees with through right knowledge of a)His glory and b)His nearness to each and every soul. “He is known as “avignyaata sakha-the unknown friend ” in the Bhagavatham.

The beaming rays of the sun, the cool rays of the moon and the bliss inducing starlight are all due to His immanence in them. On the other hand,they cannot light Him up or disclose Him inspite of their seemingly penetrating rays . The Gita declares,”na tad bhaasayate suryo na shashAMko na pAvakah”

Let us surrender to “bhAva” and yearn to become His true bhrityas.


Supreme Sustainer of all-bhutabrite namah

prANi ellara pOshaka bhutabrit namo namah

ninnAdeenavu sarva charAchara jagat swami

nineve sarva AdhAranaagirutihi shripate

AmnAya smriti siddavu vibhadyavyaya- Ishavarah|

Shree Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru has described in detail the gunas of the Lord which can be contemplated with the name “bhutabrit” .

He says ,”You provide nourishment to all the living beings and hence You are their supporter. The entire universe of sentient and insentient beings is completely under Your able control. You dispense every experience of each sentient being.  You are the bearer of everything,O Shreepate. This is the way in which the Vedas , smrithis describe you and this implies that it is the experience of some sidda. You are the “Vibhadavyaya” meaning your Vaibhava, glory is never to be diminished and it is infinite in time , space and attributes. You are hence known as “Avyaya” . You are Ishwarah as You are the only one capable of holding everything in its place and have the power to do so effortlessly.” I bow down to you in reverence and gratitude.”

Shree Kanaka dasaru has said , “tallanisadiro kaMDya tAlu manave , ellaranu salahuvanu idake samshyavilla “

<b>The Lone Cypress</b>, <b>Monterey</b> | Flickr - Photo Sharing!

The lone cypress on Monterey bay is a standing example. It is a very old tree , continuously battered by high speed winds and salt spray from the sea, but it continues to stand and thrive. ” It is is His wish that protects and nourishes, inspite of all odds.

Every small thing which we usually take for granted , exists and is supported by the Lord Vishnu who is described as “Bhutabrithe”.

The earth, the atmosphere, the amount of oxygen in the atmostphere, the gravitational pull  and many many more. Let us look a little at each of these things which are totally essential to our well being but which we take for granted.

Earth is the base and support for all our activities. We stand, jump, walk, drive. We build houses and resorts. We dig tunnels and mines. We sow and reap. We grow trees .All our food comes from the earth. Without the earth, we cannot survive. Without food it is impossible to survive for long, but without oxygen it is impossible even for a few minutes. Even though all creatures require oxygen, it still gets replenished during the process of photosynthesis . The magic of photosynthesis not just creates food but also provides for oxygen while cleaning the air of carbon dioxide. And to be able to do any of these ie standing on the earth, growing food etc we need the constant attraction towards the earth for which we do not need to expend any energy. The roots of plants are held firmly in place, the rain water seeps into the earth nourishing the roots , providing for drinking water which gets filtered and clean.The food we eat goes into our intestine effortlessly due to gravity.The rivers and mountains, the seas and oceans are all governed by the laws of gravity and are hence beneficial to life on earth.

What If There Were No Gravity?

The universe would be flat and featureless, says a University of Towson physicist. Harder: how about if gravity were switched off at a certain point after the universe formed?

“I would expect that [Earth’s] constituents, including its atmosphere, and oceans, and us, etc., would drift apart or even fly apart, assuming that the Earth would still be spinning,” he said.

We’d be gasping for air, but that would be the least of our problems: we’d also be grasping for the very atoms in our bodies, and even the rapidly scattering particles in those atoms, all the while lamenting the way times had changed!

The above is a part of an article published in “Scientificemerican”


These are all discovered by Science. But who is the entity who sustains this? Who provides the continuous energy for this? That is the question which can lead us to think? That gravity exists, that it pulls everything towards the centre of the earth at 9.8m/sec etc are all known through science, but the “Why” or “How” is not answered by it.

In general for any activity to commence and take place without hindrance we need a competent person to design and sustain it.When this is so even for a small garden,a farm, a pet, a family , a relationship, then how much more competence should be required of the entity who does all these and more effortlessly. This is what is described in the Vishnu Sahasranaam as “Bhutabrit”.

Shree Purandara dasaru

sharanu purandara daasarayare sharanu sharanu dayaanidhe
sharanu vyaasamuneendra priyatama sharanu manmanobhisTada

jnaana bhakti vairaagya shama dama
guNagaNaadi sampanna nee
hIna vishayagaLalli ratanu
buTakanu guNahIna nA

ninna suswabhaavavaada Ou
daaryaguNadinda ennannu
innu munde korate sarvava
pariharisi pAlisu

shree purandara vijaya vittala
gOpAla kapila shreeshage
puspajana pita shree prasanna
shreenivaasage priyatama

In this beautiful poem, Shree Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru seeks the grace of the great Haridasa saint Shree Purandara dasaru. He addresses him as ‘daasaraayare’ meaning the king of dasas. The feeling of dasatva is itself a very unique one wherein there is total surrender to the will of Hari. One who experiences this and is aware of it at all times is a true dasa .Among such dasas Purandara dasaru is a king. Why so? one of the reasons could be the way in which he was coaxed by Hari to part with a little of his wealth in dana and as a result of his reluctance, Hari showed him in his own dramatic way that ‘His will will rule supreme’. This revelation was so profound that he renounced his entire wealth and went in search of a guru along with his family. He is the king of dasas also because of the sheer numbers’ in his compositions . Another reason could be that he was acknowledged as a great dasa by his own guru. Also he set the path for the compositions of songs in praise of Hari along with music in the saptaswaras which is exceedingly dear to Hari. His praise is sung in many songs as “gana vilola”, as “sAmagana priya”,”sAmasannuta” etc means He is pleased with verse sung with emotion which can be shown using intonation as done in “raga” with “tala” and “laya”.

Next he says “dayAnidhe”. Whatsoever maybe the greatness of a king, if there is no compassion then one will come across a concrete wall, if one tries to seek something there. In this case, Dasaru says ,”You are the king of dasas and that too a very compassionate king.” You have the sway over the wealth that I seek and are compassionate enough to grant it to seekers who have accepted you as their guru.

You are close to the heart of Vyasarajaru, being one of his most brilliant disciples. You have been glorified by him as “dAsarendare purandara dasaraiyya..” Your greatness is that “You are an avatar of Narada muni who gave the upadesha to Prahlada while he was in the womb.The same Prahlada is Vyasaraja as a guru .” That song is a glory of the guru of his previous avatara too.  You are the granter of the wishes of your devotees. Whatsoever may be in the minds of your devotees, you have the power to grant it to them, being the foremost among Hari’s dasas. Even the famous shloka chanted at the beginning of bhajans as part of mangala shlokas has this guna described,”manomanobhishTavaradam…..”

In the first charanam , Dasaru  declares the possession of auspicious gunas like “janana’ etc  by Dasaraya and his own wrechedness in being bereft of good attributes . In the next stanza, he beseeches Dasaraya to shower some benefactions and cleanse away the impurities.  In the third one ,Dasaru extols the greatness of Dasaraya by saying that he is very dear to Lord Hari in His varied forms.

One should note that all the prayers are on the behalf of the layman and does not imply that the author of this poem had such moral defects, whatsoever.

Let us examine the charanams a little.

The three “sharanus” in the opening of the song ie pallavi of the song are for the three important benefactions “jnAna bhakthi vairagya”. The two “sharanus” in the next line of the pallavi are for seeking “shama and dama”. These are the first of the bhagavatha dharmas which every sadhaka needs on one’s journey towards liberation. Dasaru says ,” I not only lack these good gunas which are necessary but also have a host of bad habits like being attracted to the objects of the senses and considering them to be precious, always trying to project an image of oneself which is not actually one’s and many other attributes detrimental to my own happiness.” In order that one obtains knowledge, devotion and detachment to the worldly objects, the mind should not stray to objects of desire and should not do anything which is not actually felt by oneself. Exhibitionism only gives a false sense of righteousness which can propel one to seek even more desires and pleasures as it encourage such thoughts as, ” I have chanted this shloka, I have done my japa, so I can do whatever I please.” This kind of thinking is dangerous.

Dasaru pleads with the dasaraya singing his glory as “the bestower of wishes”. In my mind ,I have these wishes so I seek your grace in obtaining them.

Compassion is but an outflow of your natural essence and hence I plead with you to eradicate all thoughts of incompleteness inside me and hence uplift me. ” Lack is an attitude more than a situation.” A contented person will have no need to hanker after more and more objects to satisfy one’s needs. Contentment is an attitude and this can be brought out through the knowledge of truth referred to in this poem by Dasaru as “jnAna”. With the knowledge of truth that Hari is the all powerful independent Supreme who dispenses everything as per one’s own eligibility without any partialiaty then one can become free from hankering. “Whatsoever He will, He will bestow, he cannot be stopped by anyone.” Sri Vadirajaru has sung ,”narayanana nene , aavana paksha balakedurilla avana upekshe kulakshayavenipudu,…. aa devanigaava ene?”  “He who is full of auspicious attributes and completely free from flaws, such a Narayana is in full control. Whatsoever is His decesion, nothing can topple it and whoever goes against it is sure to bring one’s entire clan to nothing.”

With knowledge comes a loving respect which is termed “bhakti” and once devotion flows from the heart as a result of knowledge, there is no place for any other worldly thing in it. All worldly things seem lowly and unworthy when the bliss and contentment ensuing from knowledge takes root in the heart.

Such knowledge etc is not just going to come by the wave of wand. It is to be obtained by grace , by adhering to set principles which will secure grace, those being the Bhagavatha dharmas like shama and dama, One has to exercise extreme restraint in expereincing worldly pleasures that comes to one’s lot as part of life. One cannot submerge oneself in it and forget the giver of that pleasant experience. “It may be eating good food, sleeping on a comfortable mattress, wearing good clothes, chatting with one’s children etc…..” Shri Purandara Dasaru himself has advised, “krishna enna baarade? narajanma bandaaga naalige iddaaga krishna enna baarade? ” In this song, “He has suggested all the activities which please us and asked us to remember Krishna, the sole giver of all these benefactions with gratitude.”

An attitude of gratitude is the seed which can grow in a huge tree of bliss with wonderfully sweet and tasty fruits.

Both charanams deal with the devotee seeking from Dasaru after surrendering , knowing one’s weakness and understanding the need for the uplifting hand of the guru. A guru , however capable or compassionate will come to one’s aid only when surrendered to. Lord Krishna does not advise Arjuna until he sees Krishna as the one who could shine light and empower him. He starts of his upadesha after Arjuna says ,” …shishyasteham shaadi maam tvaam prapannam..”

The last charanam explains the characteristics of this guru. For a Haridasa,” What is more exhilatingly true, than the fact that God is pleased with him.” This is what Prasanna Shreenivasa Dasaru has to say in praise of “Purandara dasaru”. He says , “You are extremely dear to Lord Prasanna Shreenivasa who is none other than Shree Purandara vittala, Shree Vijaya vittala, Shree Gopala vittala , Shree Kapila, Shreesha the father of the Brahma. I bow down to you repeated and surrender at your feet.

“mama swAmi harir nityam sarvasya patirEva cha”

Bhutakrit- saviour and protector


How does the mind actually work? The intelligent force behind the working of the mind is Rudra. See below for the connection.

5)Shree Bhuta krite namah –

rudranna shrishTisida bhutakrit namo namah

kshudra bhutaadigala updrava kaLedu porevi

mOdamaya nee swatantra sarva prANigala shrishTa

“Yatovaa imaani ” iMtA shruti hogaluteyu ||

You are named Bhutakrit as you are the creator of Rudra. Rudra means one who can drive away the grief and troubles effectively. You only can clear the constant difficulties created by the lowly forces interested in causing harm . This is because You are the one who is completely in bliss , without dependence on anything or anyone at anytime. Not just that, You are the creator of all the prAnis(it means-who can engage in meaningful action). This is the way the Shruthis sing Your glory.

Rudra – rujam dravayati iti rudra, comes from the root word- ruja- which has many meanings. One of them is agony. Shiva drives away agony. How so? Madhwacharya’s philosophy , which most rational and real says, Rudra/Shiva is the controller of our mind. By seeking the grace of Rudra, knowing his capabilities one can be free from mis-conceptions and wrong attitudes which cause agony. All agonies arise because of the way we look at things. If we have a right attitude towards life, then misery is minimized. O Vishnu, O bhutakrite, You created this power, called Rudra, to save and protect us.”

“You are hence my savior and protector”

If one questions,”How is this possible?” And why should it be only Vishnu and not anyone else? The answer is ” We are talking not of just names, we are talking of the powers that the God we conceive of, possesses . He must necessarily possess these powerful attributes in order to create and sustain. From looking at the world around us, we see this happening. A new baby is born, a red rose blooms, a nightingale sings. Creation happens not just at the beginning when the universe was born, but every second. And to our rational minds, there cannot be a creation without a creator. If I display my handwork of a beautiful pot and say “I made it.” Then pat comes the question,”When did you learn pottery? What kind of clay do you use for this? Do you have the potter’s wheel? How do you operate it? How do you bake it? What colours did you use? ” These questions and many more.

Please think through this slowly and clearly.

“If an ordinary pot needs a creator with so much knowhow, then how much more knowledge and power would the creator of a baby, a rose, nightingale have? The methods of creation and the products are all unique in their own way. We may give birth to the child, but we do not know how the child came to take the form of the baby it is, beginning with one cell at fertilization! It is a wonderful and mystical fact. “

Here the great Haridasa saint Prasanna Shreenivasa dasa says,” You are complete in such great attributes ,fit to undertake such magnificent tasks and are doing this as an overflow of bliss. ” This is not just said by this saint, but he himself quotes from the Shruthis”yatovaa imaani..”.

Shree Bhutabhavyabhavat prabhuh -My friend and benefactor at all times

Yesterday's the past, tomorrow's the future, but today is a gift. That's why it's called the present. - Bil Keane

In the above quote we can see that the present is the gift and we are now contemplating on the Supreme infinite power who bestowed this gift that all of us have. It is good to note that the past was also a gift when it was present and the future would also be a gift when it is present. This gift is not just given to us, but to all the people in the world and all the living beings at a given time. Imagine the immense power ! Wonder at His abilities to do this!

Shree bhutabhavyabhavat prabhuveh namah!

The meaning of this fourth nama of Vishnu is described by Shree Prasanna Sreenivasa dasaru as follows:

bhutabhavya bhavatkaala janakke oLLe aishwarya

prada bhutabhavyabhavat prabhuve namO namaste

hindina munidina eegina, ee mooru kAladallu

endigu prabhu neenu maMgalapradanu Shreepatiyu

He is the giver of “aishwarya” to the people. Aishwarya has many meanings. One of them is wealth and that word can take many implications when it comes to a human being. The soul acquiring a human body is endowed with the wealth of the body and along with it the ability to think and speak other than the normal actions like eating, sleeping and reproduction.  Shri Jagannatha Dasaru has said,”janapa mechhidareeva…..”

“A king many be able to bestow wealth,vehicle,oranments, fine clothes, land and other property . But who can bestow a body and mind on the jiva other than Hari? After all in order to experience any gifts from anyone we need to have this body and mind.

We need security in life. That is one of our important concerns when the first basic necessities are met. So we invest our money in many ways so that we can use them in times of need . Yet there are many cases where all the money invested in property or funds came to nothing due to natural calamities, robbery , fraud etc. Investing is not a guarantee of security. Similarly we invest time in people so that we may call on them in times of need to help us. This too has its own set of failings.

But knowing about this Supreme benefactor who is in complete control of all things at all times is sure to be the best security for us. He is boundless in time and ability and can confer the required wealth on us, as and when we need it…….. provided…. we have eligibility for it.

The chanting and contemplating on this great benefactor is the means of obtaining such eligibility.

How do we do this?

Dasaru says,”Acknowledge……..again and again. Acknowledge and be thankful that He has been there for you and IS there for you and will be there for you always.” “hindina, mundina, eegina ” For us there is a past , present and a future. He has been our friend and guide in the past and uplifted us , He will do so in future too. He is known as “mangalaprada” Giver of upliftment .Upliftment is a word loaded with many implications. removal of miseries is also upliftment and obtaining one’s desires without hankering for them is upliftment, not at all having any hankering for any kind of sensual pleasures ….all these and more. And if one questions,”How am I to be sure that He is capable of it?” For that the answer is ” Shripati” . He is the protector and guide of Shree-Lakshmi. The etymological meaning of “Shree” stemming from the root “Sham” is being immersed in bliss. Shree contemplates on Him and is always in bliss. What more needs to be said? If one wants to be free from insecurity and fear of the future one has to surrender to this all powerful benefactor who is always there for us, regardless of the time or place.

Shree Vashat kaaraya namah

Connecting the meaning of Vashatkara to understand that everything in our expereince happens for a reason, which is necessary to unfold our true nature.

jiva swaroopa guna dhyuchit sukhOjas saha bala

yaaparOksha pradAta vashatkAra namO eMbe

sarvasyavashi mahAaiswarya jnAna yashas veerya

shreevairAgya guNakriya poorNavAgi uLLavane ||

There are many levels of meaning for every meaning and there are many meanings for each of the names of VishnuSahasranama.

The essence of the soul is called “jiva swaroopa”. Madhwa’s philosophy states that there are innumerable jivas and each jiva has its own individual essence and is different from other jivas. This can be easily validated through our expereince.If we examine our own life, our birth in a particular family, relationships, economic status, personal endowments like appearance, intelligence, talent and interest are all unique to ourselves . All of us will be agreed on the point that none of us chose our particular position in life and it just IS. This situation of being,”IS” is caused by Vashatkaara. He coaxes each one through their different experiences as per their inner essence and then endows them with sukha-bliss, bala- strength of health,wealth,knowledge, family etc and finally when that soul is ready He shows Himself to them. He is hence called,”praData” because He bestows the most excellent of gifts”aparOksha” which is seeing the Bimba roopa of the Lord inside ourselves. I bow down to this Vashatkaara again and again.

Now we may ask? What of some rebels? If they don’t want to accept what He is unfolding for them? To this the answer is “sarvavashi” He dispenses and everyone has to bow down to His wish. He has everything and everyone in control. The necessity to rebel arose in Hiranyakashipu and he rebelled and met his respective fate, which as per his essence. There is no question that Hiranyakashipu was following whatever directions seemed right to him in his mind and that mind is under the control of “Vashatkaara”.

“people are doing the best that they can from their own level of consciousness.”
― Deepak Chopra… a famous Indian America doctor and spiritualist.

This conciousness is from where each of us are impelled and that it under the control of Vashatkaara who impells and propels as per the jiva’s own essence.

Why only Vashatkaara? Could not any other person be behind this? To that the answer comes promptly- He is the only one complete with the requirements for such a massive task. We shall tackle one important question before we proceed?

What is this massive task?

For each jiva among those having bodies of different forms, different things give pleasure, they have different intelligences and the person who is control of who has to expereince what… has to know intimately about the essence of that person, and all the previous experiences of that person, the inherent strengths and weaknesses, the future journey of that soul and all that along with the same sets of data for all the co-actors of each experience. This is a huge and impossible task for any human being. We are limited in time, space and attributes . God , Hari, Vishnu, Vashatkaara is not limited. He is complete in all the six attributes which matter.The six are just pointers to indicate the infinite omnisceince and omnipotence of Hari.

They are as described in the Shruthis and referred to by Prasanna Shreenivasa Dasaru..

mahAaiswarya jnAna yashas veerya


Mahaishwarya is the all encompassing indepencdence and control on everything sentient and insentinet, jNana- complete knowledge of everything at all times and places, yashas-fame which shows His repertoire of successful actions in all times and places, veerya- His wish comes to fulfillment without fail. This follows from the fact that He is completely independent, has complete knowledge and impells all action. shree- the heights of bliss unreachable by anyone else. vairaagya- no hankering for any kind of thing,acheivement or relationship- This follows from the fact that He is in complete control of everything and is full of all attributes and there is nothing more that He needs to make Him complete.

He is thus the only entity who has the complete qualitites to design, create and bring to being the course of the journey of each jiva.

Shree Vishnave namah

Shree Vishnave namah-We shall apply a little of the implications of the meaning of this roopa of Hari to the work involved in the making of proteins, the basic building blocks of the cells of all living beings. This is not a class in science, but to pique your interest in the marvellous activities going on inside every living thing. A picture to understand the complexity of the cell membrane and the structures of amino acids.

Vishnu -The meaning of this name as described by Shree Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru -who is the driving force for exceptional and unique actions, is so qualified uniquely because of His infinite,limitless strength, I down down to that Vishnu. He is the Trivikrama who is always soaring above the boundaries of space,time and material. In his avatara as Vamana , He portrayed this by taking three steps , rising to show Himself as Trivikrama in a matter of no time(timeless), conquering the entire universe in a step, and reaching to unknown heights of the Brahmanda in the next step and then accepting Bali’s surrender in the next(boundless) .Ah! How limitless He must be in all the different strengths that may be required to accomplish this?

visheshadi chehTegala mADisuvavanu neenu

asama urubalAdi roopa vishnu namastubyam

dEshakAlavastu sarva vyApisiha trivikrama

sushubaroopadi pAdakramaNa mADidi vishnO||

Amino acids are used in every cell of our body to build protiens which we need to survive. Even simple structures in the membrane need protiens. There are as many as 100 thousand kinds of protiens in our body and each of these require different combinations of amino acids to be manufactures. Further each amino acid is a complex combination of chemicals which need to be precisely bonded to obtain the required results.

Let us reconcile this action with the understanding of the name Vishnu.

To obtain any kind of result, some action is required. All action needs a thinking entity with intelligence to make it happen.In one human beings who has approximately 37.2 trillion cells, with cells being of different kinds, performing different actions incessantly and being replenished at periodic intervals, we can see the unimaginable number of intelligent decesions required to make this happen seamlessly in one body. It makes one wonder ,”What could be the magnitude of energy, knowledge, precesion in time as per requirements needed for making this happen even in one human body, then what of all the people in the world? And not just humans all fomrs of life needs such living cells made of protiens of different kinds albeit of different modes of synthesis for different kinds of organs. This a timeless activity which keeps going on and one relentlessly and creatures in the world are diverse not just in their inherent make-up but their places of survival- in the deep sea, inside the depths of the earth, aaaargh! inside the human stomach, inside the mouth , in the air …………………. . By looking and observing and relating it with the Shruthis which proclaim Hari as Vishnu, the limitless one we can arrive at the conclusion that the limitless force we just became aware of through a little scientifc enquiry(Ha! Ha very superficial no doubt) but sufficient, to wonder about !

It is no wonder the ancients called the Lord- Vishnu who designs and implements immense and unique actions

Vishwaaya namah!

Shree Vishwaaya namah

72000 nadis approx

Each name in the Vishnu Sahasranama corresponds to one verse of the Brihati sahasra ( a part of Vedas) that has 36 aksharas(letters) approximately. Each akshara is again composed of a swara(eg: a,u) and a vyanjana(na,ma) and there a total of 1000 mantras so it adds up to 36000 swaras and 36000 vyanjanas which correspond to the 36000 days and 36000 nights of a complete human life span of 100 years. The human body is kept alive by a life-force which is pulsing through each and every cell and this is done through the 72000 nadis(energy lines) as per the ancients. There are 36000 nadis on the right and 36000 on the left side of the body. When we chant the VSN the nadis are energised and flow without blockage uplifting our mind and keeping our body healthy.

Let us look at meaning of Vishwa as decribed by Dasaru.

vara vAyuaMtaryAmi vishwa namO namO ninage
charAchara sarva oLahora vyApta nee sarvesha
prakriti niyAmaka jagatjanmAdigalakarta
garuDavAhana paramapUrNa swataMTra shreeshA

Vayu, the eminent one(vara-shreshta) is the life-force and his presence  inside every person causes them to live , when he exits the body, Hari the antaryAmi also exits with him and then the once alive person is now just a dead body.

Mere air going inside the nose is not the cause for the presence of life but it is the life-force which is an intelligent knowing force -Vayu, who works through this breathing process giving us ability to live and experience.

Madhwa philosophy clearly shows that any intelligent activity can happen only if there is an intelligent force ,controlling and making it happen.

Just check out this link to see how many intricate decesions are taken and implemented effortlessly even when we are blissfully asleep.

parama mukyaprAna toredarAdehavanu aritu peNaneMdu pElvaru budajana…
The above is quote from Madhva nama a composition on the glory of Mukyapraana in this three avatars.
Vishati iti vishwa is one meaning of Vishwa-omnipresence. He resides inside Vayu and pervades , giving us existence and experience. This Vishwa is the roopa of the Lord which keeps us aware during waking state. I bow down to Vishwa again and again. The part of the verse discussed so far, is a commentary on the Brihati sahara’s verse which corresponds to Vishwa.

prakruti niyamaka……..
Whatever expereince I have is from interacting with the outside world!The outside world is the transformation of energy known as Prakruti which is of three aspects-satva, rajas and tamo.Prakruti-whose action is profoundly perfect. And if think that nature is Prakruti, it need necessarily have an all encompassing intelligent force underlying the various transformations of energy leading to the innumerable forms of life on earth. All the insentient things too have some force which makes them behave as they should,eg: if you throw a stone it falls to the ground soon, if you throw a feather it floats for while….. Madhwacharya has interpreted the Shrutis and Puranas and shown clear that these forces of varying powers are controlled by abhimani devathas, who are inturn controlled by Vayu and then Vayu by Lakshmi .

So we come to our verse again,Vishwa controls Prakruti- Lakshmi and she controls Prakruti-nature so that we obtain the expereince that we should. It appears as if Prakruti – Nature itself is powerful and can create. Here Dasaru says, It is made to create by this Prakruti niyamaka. He is the sole creator, sustainer and destroyer of the universe.( jagatjanamadikarta) The underlying infinite energy which is relentlessly flowing in all levels of our physical, mental and spiritual realms is that infinite power of God. How do we know him to be as such? This is a question which perplexes many on such a quest.

Mere logic is insufficient to prove anything. This is where the infinite knowledge known as the Vedas come into play. Vedas are eternal and those who sincerely seek following the path of the ancients , experience revelations from this eternal treasure of knowledge.

For that, Dasaru says,” garudavahana”.  We need to look inside the infinite Veda which is unbound by time or space. He himself being inside Garuda carries himself and comes to us through the contemplation on this shabda. Once He comes we realise the full impact of unknowable completeness, His independence and His mastery over all types of wealth which appears to be controlled by different people at different levels. Dasaru calls him as Shreesha- the one who is the master of Shree-(It means who is immersed in bliss).
Whosoever surrenders control to Him, and becomes His instrument is sure to be immersed in bliss.