53)shri tvashTre namah

dIptimantatvashTra namO shriman nArAyaNaghriNi

bhakta trividharige horagu oLagu sarvatra

nakshatra taTitchaMdra Arknandadi hoLeyuva

tejah punja sarvakarta spoorthidanu nI dhyEya

“O Vishnu, who is completely self-effulgent,  of infinite flawless auspicious attributes , who is deeply compassionate, showering His benovelence on the three types of bhaktas , who is present every where both inside and outside, whose radiance never fades or diminishes, is ever lovely and peaceful like a row of moons, yet brilliant like the sun, He is the eternal cache of light and knowledge, the only independent doer of all actions, who inspires and is the one and only entity for contemplation.”

Shrimad Bhagavad gita says ,”na tad bhaasayate surya na shashaankah….” He cannot be illuminated by the Sun or the moon. Why so? It is because He is the cause of their brilliance and is ever effulgent . His luminiscense is inherent , but He is not cognizable by anyone unless He intends to reveal a little of Himself to them . The shape of things or roopa is due to His presence.

Narayana is the antaryaami of all . All acharyas who have written bhasyas on the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad have accepted that Narayana is the antaryami of every soul and is the inner controller of all things too. He is completely flawless and full of sadgunas, and is unaffected by the souls or their inherent natures. He is turly compassionate to reside inside each one as the antaryami and engage them in the world , even though He has no need or gain from this. Ghrini is the compassionate energy which He radiates . He creates, sustains ,controls and brings everything to its designated end effortlessly.

The Gita talks of four kinds of bhaktas – aarta, arthartis, jignasu and jnaani.Here Dasaru has grouped the first two together as both of them seek something ephemeral in life. The other two are the seekers of eternal knowledge. He bestows their desires as per their eligibilities, being present everywhere.

bhaktajana paalaka bhakti sukha daayaka…  Vijayadasara devaranama

“manadoLage taaniddu manavendenisi koMbanu

manada vrittigaLan anusarisi bhOgagalanIvanu…….”… HKS

na kshapate iti nakshatra ….. Nakshatra is that which never fades, is always shining. He is truly the Nakshatra which causes the endless stars in the sky to shine. Ah!What infinite energy ! Imagine the countless stars being supplied with energy as long as the world exists…..  How vast and infinite is His effulgent reach! It is something whcih we find difficult to cognise with our minds which are bound by space and time and only know of limited sources of energy in the world .

He is the flawless doer and the instigator of action too So if we surrender to Him our body, mind and indriyas and yearn to be His instrument, He in His abiding benovelence shall surely inspire and engage us in action that bears eternal fruits.

Dasaru says this “tvashtru ” is the dhyEya meaning the entity fit for contemplation. As Vishnu the all pervader, He is the source of light and knowledge . Since the jiva is in ignorance and bondage, one can move towards knowledge and freedom only through contemplation on that source of knowledge and its wonderful attributes.

In his composition named “Narasimha stuti” Shri Prasanna Shrinivasa dasaru has said

nAra uru guNasindhu

narasimha supreetanaagu

chirajnAna bhaktiya satata aha

parasamarillada bali ninnali dhyAna

teevra prerisu enage ananta anuttama


Shri Hari priyataam


Author: Parimala R

I am a student of Madhwa's philosophy and a listener of the expositions of Shri Madhwa's works through my gurugalu Shri Bannanje Govindacharya .This blog is an attempt to express the jewels contained in those along with the verses of a Haridasaru, Shri Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru . I speak on the verses of the Harikathamruthasaara to students at my place and in the nearby Turahalli Rayar mutt and also on skype. I am also into studying the Bhagavad gita closely with a small group, since the past year, the source of study being the expositions of Shri Bannanje .

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