Bhutakrit- saviour and protector


How does the mind actually work? The intelligent force behind the working of the mind is Rudra. See below for the connection.

5)Shree Bhuta krite namah –

rudranna shrishTisida bhutakrit namo namah

kshudra bhutaadigala updrava kaLedu porevi

mOdamaya nee swatantra sarva prANigala shrishTa

“Yatovaa imaani ” iMtA shruti hogaluteyu ||

You are named Bhutakrit as you are the creator of Rudra. Rudra means one who can drive away the grief and troubles effectively. You only can clear the constant difficulties created by the lowly forces interested in causing harm . This is because You are the one who is completely in bliss , without dependence on anything or anyone at anytime. Not just that, You are the creator of all the prAnis(it means-who can engage in meaningful action). This is the way the Shruthis sing Your glory.

Rudra – rujam dravayati iti rudra, comes from the root word- ruja- which has many meanings. One of them is agony. Shiva drives away agony. How so? Madhwacharya’s philosophy , which most rational and real says, Rudra/Shiva is the controller of our mind. By seeking the grace of Rudra, knowing his capabilities one can be free from mis-conceptions and wrong attitudes which cause agony. All agonies arise because of the way we look at things. If we have a right attitude towards life, then misery is minimized. O Vishnu, O bhutakrite, You created this power, called Rudra, to save and protect us.”

“You are hence my savior and protector”

If one questions,”How is this possible?” And why should it be only Vishnu and not anyone else? The answer is ” We are talking not of just names, we are talking of the powers that the God we conceive of, possesses . He must necessarily possess these powerful attributes in order to create and sustain. From looking at the world around us, we see this happening. A new baby is born, a red rose blooms, a nightingale sings. Creation happens not just at the beginning when the universe was born, but every second. And to our rational minds, there cannot be a creation without a creator. If I display my handwork of a beautiful pot and say “I made it.” Then pat comes the question,”When did you learn pottery? What kind of clay do you use for this? Do you have the potter’s wheel? How do you operate it? How do you bake it? What colours did you use? ” These questions and many more.

Please think through this slowly and clearly.

“If an ordinary pot needs a creator with so much knowhow, then how much more knowledge and power would the creator of a baby, a rose, nightingale have? The methods of creation and the products are all unique in their own way. We may give birth to the child, but we do not know how the child came to take the form of the baby it is, beginning with one cell at fertilization! It is a wonderful and mystical fact. “

Here the great Haridasa saint Prasanna Shreenivasa dasa says,” You are complete in such great attributes ,fit to undertake such magnificent tasks and are doing this as an overflow of bliss. ” This is not just said by this saint, but he himself quotes from the Shruthis”yatovaa imaani..”.

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My friend and benefactor at all times

Yesterday's the past, tomorrow's the future, but today is a gift. That's why it's called the present. - Bil Keane

In the above quote we can see that the present is the gift and we are now contemplating on the Supreme infinite power who bestowed this gift that all of us have. It is good to note that the past was also a gift when it was present and the future would also be a gift when it is present. This gift is not just given to us, but to all the people in the world and all the living beings at a given time. Imagine the immense power ! Wonder at His abilities to do this!

Shree bhutabhavyabhavat prabhuveh namah!

The meaning of this fourth nama of Vishnu is described by Shree Prasanna Sreenivasa dasaru as follows:

bhutabhavya bhavatkaala janakke oLLe aishwarya

prada bhutabhavyabhavat prabhuve namO namaste

hindina munidina eegina, ee mooru kAladallu

endigu prabhu neenu maMgalapradanu Shreepatiyu

He is the giver of “aishwarya” to the people. Aishwarya has many meanings. One of them is wealth and that word can take many implications when it comes to a human being. The soul acquiring a human body is endowed with the wealth of the body and along with it the ability to think and speak other than the normal actions like eating, sleeping and reproduction.  Shri Jagannatha Dasaru has said,”janapa mechhidareeva…..”

“A king many be able to bestow wealth,vehicle,oranments, fine clothes, land and other property . But who can bestow a body and mind on the jiva other than Hari? After all in order to experience any gifts from anyone we need to have this body and mind.

We need security in life. That is one of our important concerns when the first basic necessities are met. So we invest our money in many ways so that we can use them in times of need . Yet there are many cases where all the money invested in property or funds came to nothing due to natural calamities, robbery , fraud etc. Investing is not a guarantee of security. Similarly we invest time in people so that we may call on them in times of need to help us. This too has its own set of failings.

But knowing about this Supreme benefactor who is in complete control of all things at all times is sure to be the best security for us. He is boundless in time and ability and can confer the required wealth on us, as and when we need it…….. provided…. we have eligibility for it.

The chanting and contemplating on this great benefactor is the means of obtaining such eligibility.

How do we do this?

Dasaru says,”Acknowledge……..again and again. Acknowledge and be thankful that He has been there for you and IS there for you and will be there for you always.” “hindina, mundina, eegina ” For us there is a past , present and a future. He has been our friend and guide in the past and uplifted us , He will do so in future too. He is known as “mangalaprada” Giver of upliftment .Upliftment is a word loaded with many implications. removal of miseries is also upliftment and obtaining one’s desires without hankering for them is upliftment, not at all having any hankering for any kind of sensual pleasures ….all these and more. And if one questions,”How am I to be sure that He is capable of it?” For that the answer is ” Shripati” . He is the protector and guide of Shree-Lakshmi. The etymological meaning of “Shree” stemming from the root “Sham” is being immersed in bliss. Shree contemplates on Him and is always in bliss. What more needs to be said? If one wants to be free from insecurity and fear of the future one has to surrender to this all powerful benefactor who is always there for us, regardless of the time or place.

Shree Vashat kaaraya namah

Connecting the meaning of Vashatkara to understand that everything in our expereince happens for a reason, which is necessary to unfold our true nature.

jiva swaroopa guna dhyuchit sukhOjas saha bala

yaaparOksha pradAta vashatkAra namO eMbe

sarvasyavashi mahAaiswarya jnAna yashas veerya

shreevairAgya guNakriya poorNavAgi uLLavane ||

There are many levels of meaning for every meaning and there are many meanings for each of the names of VishnuSahasranama.

The essence of the soul is called “jiva swaroopa”. Madhwa’s philosophy states that there are innumerable jivas and each jiva has its own individual essence and is different from other jivas. This can be easily validated through our expereince.If we examine our own life, our birth in a particular family, relationships, economic status, personal endowments like appearance, intelligence, talent and interest are all unique to ourselves . All of us will be agreed on the point that none of us chose our particular position in life and it just IS. This situation of being,”IS” is caused by Vashatkaara. He coaxes each one through their different experiences as per their inner essence and then endows them with sukha-bliss, bala- strength of health,wealth,knowledge, family etc and finally when that soul is ready He shows Himself to them. He is hence called,”praData” because He bestows the most excellent of gifts”aparOksha” which is seeing the Bimba roopa of the Lord inside ourselves. I bow down to this Vashatkaara again and again.

Now we may ask? What of some rebels? If they don’t want to accept what He is unfolding for them? To this the answer is “sarvavashi” He dispenses and everyone has to bow down to His wish. He has everything and everyone in control. The necessity to rebel arose in Hiranyakashipu and he rebelled and met his respective fate, which as per his essence. There is no question that Hiranyakashipu was following whatever directions seemed right to him in his mind and that mind is under the control of “Vashatkaara”.

“people are doing the best that they can from their own level of consciousness.”
― Deepak Chopra… a famous Indian America doctor and spiritualist.

This conciousness is from where each of us are impelled and that it under the control of Vashatkaara who impells and propels as per the jiva’s own essence.

Why only Vashatkaara? Could not any other person be behind this? To that the answer comes promptly- He is the only one complete with the requirements for such a massive task. We shall tackle one important question before we proceed?

What is this massive task?

For each jiva among those having bodies of different forms, different things give pleasure, they have different intelligences and the person who is control of who has to expereince what… has to know intimately about the essence of that person, and all the previous experiences of that person, the inherent strengths and weaknesses, the future journey of that soul and all that along with the same sets of data for all the co-actors of each experience. This is a huge and impossible task for any human being. We are limited in time, space and attributes . God , Hari, Vishnu, Vashatkaara is not limited. He is complete in all the six attributes which matter.The six are just pointers to indicate the infinite omnisceince and omnipotence of Hari.

They are as described in the Shruthis and referred to by Prasanna Shreenivasa Dasaru..

mahAaiswarya jnAna yashas veerya


Mahaishwarya is the all encompassing indepencdence and control on everything sentient and insentinet, jNana- complete knowledge of everything at all times and places, yashas-fame which shows His repertoire of successful actions in all times and places, veerya- His wish comes to fulfillment without fail. This follows from the fact that He is completely independent, has complete knowledge and impells all action. shree- the heights of bliss unreachable by anyone else. vairaagya- no hankering for any kind of thing,acheivement or relationship- This follows from the fact that He is in complete control of everything and is full of all attributes and there is nothing more that He needs to make Him complete.

He is thus the only entity who has the complete qualitites to design, create and bring to being the course of the journey of each jiva.

Vishnu Sahasranama

Shree Vishnave namah-We shall apply a little of the implications of the meaning of this roopa of Hari to the work involved in the making of proteins, the basic building blocks of the cells of all living beings. This is not a class in science, but to pique your interest in the marvellous activities going on inside every living thing. A picture to understand the complexity of the cell membrane and the structures of amino acids.

Vishnu -The meaning of this name as described by Shree Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru -who is the driving force for exceptional and unique actions, is so qualified uniquely because of His infinite,limitless strength, I down down to that Vishnu. He is the Trivikrama who is always soaring above the boundaries of space,time and material. In his avatara as Vamana , He portrayed this by taking three steps , rising to show Himself as Trivikrama in a matter of no time(timeless), conquering the entire universe in a step, and reaching to unknown heights of the Brahmanda in the next step and then accepting Bali’s surrender in the next(boundless) .Ah! How limitless He must be in all the different strengths that may be required to accomplish this?

visheshadi chehTegala mADisuvavanu neenu

asama urubalAdi roopa vishnu namastubyam

dEshakAlavastu sarva vyApisiha trivikrama

sushubaroopadi pAdakramaNa mADidi vishnO||

Amino acids are used in every cell of our body to build protiens which we need to survive. Even simple structures in the membrane need protiens. There are as many as 100 thousand kinds of protiens in our body and each of these require different combinations of amino acids to be manufactures. Further each amino acid is a complex combination of chemicals which need to be precisely bonded to obtain the required results.

Let us reconcile this action with the understanding of the name Vishnu.

To obtain any kind of result, some action is required. All action needs a thinking entity with intelligence to make it happen.In one human beings who has approximately 37.2 trillion cells, with cells being of different kinds, performing different actions incessantly and being replenished at periodic intervals, we can see the unimaginable number of intelligent decesions required to make this happen seamlessly in one body. It makes one wonder ,”What could be the magnitude of energy, knowledge, precesion in time as per requirements needed for making this happen even in one human body, then what of all the people in the world? And not just humans all fomrs of life needs such living cells made of protiens of different kinds albeit of different modes of synthesis for different kinds of organs. This a timeless activity which keeps going on and one relentlessly and creatures in the world are diverse not just in their inherent make-up but their places of survival- in the deep sea, inside the depths of the earth, aaaargh! inside the human stomach, inside the mouth , in the air …………………. . By looking and observing and relating it with the Shruthis which proclaim Hari as Vishnu, the limitless one we can arrive at the conclusion that the limitless force we just became aware of through a little scientifc enquiry(Ha! Ha very superficial no doubt) but sufficient, to wonder about !

It is no wonder the ancients called the Lord- Vishnu who designs and implements immense and unique actions

Vishnu Saharanama

Shree Vishwaaya namah

72000 nadis approx

Each name in the Vishnu Sahasranama corresponds to one verse of the Brihati sahasra ( a part of Vedas) that has 36 aksharas(letters) approximately. Each akshara is again composed of a swara(eg: a,u) and a vyanjana(na,ma) and there a total of 1000 mantras so it adds up to 36000 swaras and 36000 vyanjanas which correspond to the 36000 days and 36000 nights of a complete human life span of 100 years. The human body is kept alive by a life-force which is pulsing through each and every cell and this is done through the 72000 nadis(energy lines) as per the ancients. There are 36000 nadis on the right and 36000 on the left side of the body. When we chant the VSN the nadis are energised and flow without blockage uplifting our mind and keeping our body healthy.

Let us look at meaning of Vishwa as decribed by Dasaru.

vara vAyuaMtaryAmi vishwa namO namO ninage
charAchara sarva oLahora vyApta nee sarvesha
prakriti niyAmaka jagatjanmAdigalakarta
garuDavAhana paramapUrNa swataMTra shreeshA

Vayu, the eminent one(vara-shreshta) is the life-force and his presence  inside every person causes them to live , when he exits the body, Hari the antaryAmi also exits with him and then the once alive person is now just a dead body.

Mere air going inside the nose is not the cause for the presence of life but it is the life-force which is an intelligent knowing force -Vayu, who works through this breathing process giving us ability to live and experience.

Madhwa philosophy clearly shows that any intelligent activity can happen only if there is an intelligent force ,controlling and making it happen.

Just check out this link to see how many intricate decesions are taken and implemented effortlessly even when we are blissfully asleep.
parama mukyaprAna toredarAdehavanu aritu peNaneMdu pElvaru budajana…
The above is quote from Madhva nama a composition on the glory of Mukyapraana in this three avatars.
Vishati iti vishwa is one meaning of Vishwa-omnipresence. He resides inside Vayu and pervades , giving us existence and experience. This Vishwa is the roopa of the Lord which keeps us aware during waking state. I bow down to Vishwa again and again. The part of the verse discussed so far, is a commentary on the Brihati sahara’s verse which corresponds to Vishwa.

prakruti niyamaka……..
Whatever expereince I have is from interacting with the outside world!The outside world is the transformation of energy known as Prakruti which is of three aspects-satva, rajas and tamo.Prakruti-whose action is profoundly perfect. And if think that nature is Prakruti, it need necessarily have an all encompassing intelligent force underlying the various transformations of energy leading to the innumerable forms of life on earth. All the insentient things too have some force which makes them behave as they should,eg: if you throw a stone it falls to the ground soon, if you throw a feather it floats for while….. Madhwacharya has interpreted the Shrutis and Puranas and shown clear that these forces of varying powers are controlled by abhimani devathas, who are inturn controlled by Vayu and then Vayu by Lakshmi .

So we come to our verse again,Vishwa controls Prakruti- Lakshmi and she controls Prakruti-nature so that we obtain the expereince that we should. It appears as if Prakruti – Nature itself is powerful and can create. Here Dasaru says, It is made to create by this Prakruti niyamaka. He is the sole creator, sustainer and destroyer of the universe.( jagatjanamadikarta) The underlying infinite energy which is relentlessly flowing in all levels of our physical, mental and spiritual realms is that infinite power of God. How do we know him to be as such? This is a question which perplexes many on such a quest.

Mere logic is insufficient to prove anything. This is where the infinite knowledge known as the Vedas come into play. Vedas are eternal and those who sincerely seek following the path of the ancients , experience revelations from this eternal treasure of knowledge.

For that, Dasaru says,” garudavahana”.  We need to look inside the infinite Veda which is unbound by time or space. He himself being inside Garuda carries himself and comes to us through the contemplation on this shabda. Once He comes we realise the full impact of unknowable completeness, His independence and His mastery over all types of wealth which appears to be controlled by different people at different levels. Dasaru calls him as Shreesha- the one who is the master of Shree-(It means who is immersed in bliss).
Whosoever surrenders control to Him, and becomes His instrument is sure to be immersed in bliss.

Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru

One of the most profound thoughts can be found in the krithis of this dasaru. His works describe Madhwa’s siddanta in all its glory focusing on the single most important theme for a sadhaka which is Hari’s gunapoornatva and his doshaduratva, that He is completely full of flawless auspicious attribtutes which are non-different from him. He is a great philosopher and poet who is of very recent times. I am very much moved by his writings and hence wanted to start a blog to write about his writings. His poems on each name of the thousand names of Vishnu are really fantastic. Keeping in mind that the Shastra dictates that knowledge of the glory while reciting the name is essential to obtain the full blast of the Lord’s grace and that is possible here. One name can hardly trigger a lot of meanings for a layman.  One who has no idea of the Brihati sahasra nor of the various wonderful dhatus of the Sanskrit language has no way to remember these different meanings except by actually learning them by heart. This maybe impractical. When you read the Vishnusahasranama along with the verses to explain each nama, one will be moved to see the Lord’s grace on us as well as His great glory in the universe.

Indeed ,Purandara dasaru has not sung in vain,”Jaganmohanane Krishna jaganvane paalipane””O Krishna, the one who makes the world wonder, even as He protects and sustains it”.

He is not just the most mysterious attractive force(it is the meaning of Krishna) in the universe but becomes more mysterious as He is declared to the be the designer and protector of everyone and everything.

Shree Jagannata dasaru in the Harikathamurtha saara says

bimbaroopanu ee teradi jadapombasuru modaladavaro

ladgimbugondihanendaritu dharmaata kamagala hambalisad

anudina vishwakutumbi kotta kannana

kutsita kambaliyesoubagyavendavangrigala bhajisu

“The Supreme controller, whose image everything IS is

Beginning from the highest jiva-Brahma to the insentient objects

Know this, and don’t hanker for anything at all

Accept everything as the father of the universe’s bountiful gift

It may be a mere shawl or a handful of rice

And bow down in humble acceptance of his will

As the mystery unfolds with each nama, Hari is the most compassionate friend that anyone can hope to have and He is ever ready to come forward to help us, should we so wish it. Our wish takes the form of words sung in His worship and to express His glory.

This is done very aptly by Shree Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru. I wish to open this great secret box for those who want to benefit by it. I shall be posting a few verses of this great work and sharing it with those of you who are interested to participate . We shall together take a peep into the glory of Paramatma not just as described in the scriptures but by linking those gunas of God to the great unexplained wonders in the world. As mentioned earlier I once again welcome you all to contribute any relevant quotes, any clippings of videos or any poetic verses from the Haridasa sahitya or even just your own words to express it.