47)Shree aprameyaaya namah!Whose limitlessness remains a mystery to all for all time

parimANa illadavanu aprameyane namo

yaariMdalu saakalya ninnanu ariyalu ashakya

shiri mattu brahmEshaadigalu yeshTe yatinisidaru

hariguNa mahime koNe ariye ashaktaru

Shree Prasanna Shrinivasa dasa gurubhyoh namah!

Dasaru explains this nama of Shri Vishnu as conceptualised in the Brihati sahasra mantra in the first line until the word ‘namo’ . Then he continues to explain that further.

“O aprameya! You are without a boundary.No one can ever know you fully and completely at any time. Even Shri- Lakshmi, Brahma and others who are constantly engaged in contemplating on Your auspicious attributes remain unable to explore your gunas and their extent completely.”

The great and unique glory of Hari is His infiniteness. There is no other entity like Him. He pervades everything eternally with His infinite gunas. It is truly His infinite energy and intelligence which sustains the world and every atom in it .

Shri Jaganatha Dasaru has said,

Jagadudaranativimala guNarUpagaLanAlochanadi

bhArata nigamatatigaLatikramisi kriyAvishEShagaLa

bagebageya nUtanava kANuta mige haruShadhim

pogaLi higguva triguNamAni mahAlakumi             

saMtaisalanudinavu. … ……… HKAS_01-02 “

“Even during pralaya kaala when everything else is silent, no life stirs being sucked into Hari’s stomach at the time of delusion and only Mahalakshmi is with Him, she continues to contemplate on subtle aspects of His gunas which are beyond those described in the Vedas, Mahabharata and other scriptural texts. She is immersed in bliss and sings His glory. ”

This brings a clear picture of the infiniteness of Paramatma. For Lakshmi who is always  with Him at all times and places , it is not possible to cognize His glory fully, so what of others who  have immense limitations of time and place for their own abilities of being and thinking and almost no window of time for being in the presence of Hari.

Another verse in the Vyapti sandhi of Harikathamrutha saara tells about the inability of Brahma and others to ever understand His glory though,they have a long a period of time namely , one Brahma kalpa,Thirty one thousand, one hundred and four thousand crore years(311040000000000)- Brahma kalpa to think, contemplate and meditate .

strInapuMsaka puruSha bhUsali

lAnalAnila gaganamana shashi

bhAnu kAlaguNa prakR^itiyoLagoMdu tAnalla

Enu ivana mahAmahime kaDe

gANarajabhava shakramukharu ni

dhAnisalu mAnavarigaLavaDuvudE vichArisalu……………………….HKAS_03-02

 From the perspective of the sadhaka, this aprameya Paramatma’s infinite abilities can be imagined a little, by looking at the variety of life and the method of their sustenance in the world.

“bahu chitra jagat bahudakaraNaat parashaktih anantaguNah paramaH”… Dwadasha stotra. The variety and diversity of the world leads one to wonder who sustains it and one soon concludes that it definitely points to the infinite nature of Hari, its creator.

Every day, every hour and every minute and second all the life forms require sustenance. Sustenance happens through intelligence and energy. Both are abundant in Hari as Shrimad Acharyaru says ,”parashaktih” He is the unique and supreme energy.

If we take the human race itself, the number of living humans at any given time is so large and for each and every one of the cells of different organs, the working of the different systems, are all coordinated so well that one doesn’t realise that so much of intelligent work is going on behind the scenes.

Please check out this URL for a little know-how about amino acids, the way they are formed etc.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amino_acid_synthesis

Aprameya’s energy is quite clearly unfathomable. The immense magnitude of intelligent energy required to manage this process for one human being itself is large, what of the masses and masses of humans and the same holds true for all living beings in different ways.

Sri Jaganantha dasaru says the same in HKAS 11.18

khEchararu bhUchararu vAri ni

shAchararoLiddavara kaRmaga

LAcharisuvanu ghanamahima paramAlpanOpAdi

gOcharisanu bahu prakArA

lOchaneya mAdidaru manasige   (Ah! Is He not apramEya ?)

kIchakAri prIya kavijanagEya maharAya….HKAS_11-18

 

Understanding this concept of infiniteness at least a little is a very important aspect of our sadhana. Repeated contemplation with complete faith renews us and keeps us free from fear and anxiety by His grace.

sadguNava kaddavara aghava kadivanu anagha nendenisi… HKAS 2.22

Contemplation on the positive aspects of the bimba- Shri Hari, who is Master and independent doer of all actions,cleanses the antahkarana of the negative aspects and limitations accumulated by the jiva through countless births.

Aprameya is beyond logic. Shastras proclaim that His actions are not predictable. What one may visualize, what one may not be able to visualize and what one never expected also tend to be the natural tendency of His actions. He is hence referred to as

“kartum, akartum anyatakartum shaktah”…. Aprameya

Let us bow down to this infinite strength and offer our body, mind,speech and every other organ we use in our daily work to this infinite “Aprameya”

 

 

 

 

46) shri dhaaturuttamaaya namah

chaturmukha brahmanige niyaamaka uttamanu
dhaaturuttama namo sarveshvara neenu prakriti
dhaatugala vyavahaara pravartisuva swaamiyu
vaideeka shabdagalinda mukya vrittiayali vaachya

Shree Prasanna Shreenivasa Dasa has given a treasure on the method of upasana of the Lord , keeping the Vishnu Sahasranama as the basis for the unfoldment of the gunas of Vishnu, the inner controller of all. For this name,”dhAturuttamAya “, he connects the word dhAtu to the human body’s individual layers of cells which are the basic components of the physical body and clearly states that each and every command inside the cell and outside the cell is initiated by Him and Him only. The master of all is the one who sustains the actions of other deities too. He is the only one who is clearly extolled as the Supreme being in the Vedas.

Let us look at the following picture which is the cross section of a generalised cell.The thing about the body is that it  has many different kinds of cells and each of those are minutely tailored for the tasks that they need to accomplish.

The puranas and other texts portray Chaturmukha Brahma as the creator. He maybe the creator, but not the independent creator. “dhAturuttamA” is superior to Chaturmukha Brahma- the well known creator of the universe. Every atom or sub-atom in the universe is created through Brahma by “dhAturuttama”. Cells of beings need constant sustenance and the required nourishment, removal of waste, circulation and other components are continuously going on. It is not as if shrishti happens once and then there is nothing more to be done. The process of replenishment is always going on and hence “shrishTi” kirya is going on , through the other devathas controlled by MukyaprAna and he acting with the grace of Mahalakshmi.

 

In Ayurveda, the seven dhatus are considered in two ways. One set is the tvak, charma, rudhira, maamsa,majja,medhas and asti.  Another set of dhatus as per Ayurveda is:

Each of these tissue are extremely important and need to be nourished properly for their proper function. The breakdown of the food and the required nutrition to each dhatu is a miracle by itself. How does it happen?

modalu tvakchaRmagaLu mAMsavu

rudhiramEdOmajjavasthiga

LidaroLage EkOnapaMchAshanmarudgaNavu

nidhana hiMkArAdi sAmaga

adara nAmadi karesutoMbha

ttadhika nAlvattenipa rUpadi dhAtugaLOLippa…HKAS_09-27

There are 49 marut devatas who govern the seven dhatus and Paramatma controls each and every small and minute activities that happen at that microscopic level.Every time we recollect that for any one do any action, for that matter, the Maruts or Mukyapraana inside the maruts , it is paramatma who is prANada- who mobilises their mind and indriyas , directly for MukyprAna and indirectly for others.

For every day that we are healthy, we have been healthy that we are existing, these functions of the dhatu need to be co-ordinated and that is Shri dhAturuttamAya’s grace.

45)shri vidhaatre namah-Exclusive bestower and bearer

uttama stotragala sweekarisi dharisuvi nee

vidhaata namah chandogama garudavaahananae

shruthi smritigalinda samstutya aashrayanu neenu

muktarugalige aashrayanu sukhadaata neene

My obeisances to Shri Prasanna Shrinivasa Dasaru who reveals the glory of Vishnu using the simple words of Kannada.

“O vidhAtre! You accept the offerings of words of truth, which are of a truly elevated nature and enable the person who made the offering to experience the benefits You deem fit. Your glory is revealed by the Vedas and You can be known as per one’s ability only from them. Even so, just a study of the Vedas will not be sufficient, You yourself should see it fit to grace Your devotee’s heart and then You come travelling in the fastest vehicle of all -Garuda. You are the best and sought after shelter of all those who believe in You. The sages and savants who are the instruments of handing down knowledge through shruthis and smrithis – hearing, listening, understanding and then handing them over to the next generation of saints. Those in the realised state, know You to be their sole shelter and as the one who bestows and sustains their bliss.The very fact that they are in the such a blissful state is a proof of Your grace and Your vast flawless abilities.”

The Bhagavatham documents the doings of VidhAta in detail. Take up any incident of a bhakta and You can see VidhAta in action.

PrahalAda believed and experienced “vidhAta”. He was fearless when tumulted into many a harrowing situation by his own father who despised him for his true love of Narayana, the Supreme one.

Dhruva experienced the grace of “vidhAta” . He received much more than he thought he needed when he set out to seek the grace of Hari.

Draupadi who believed in Krishna’s extraordinary abilities which were totally flawless and independent, received grace when she surrendered to Him as her only shelter.

The incidents that are documented in the Puranas and itihasas are aplenty. The lives of the great saints and Haridasas of the Madhwa tradition , when examined closely reveal the true glory of “vidhAta”.

Shri Jagannatha dasaru sought succour from a disease of the body and he found the medicine for treating the ailments afflicting the soul- bhavarOga. He approached the guru who believed in VidhAta and had a store of experiences in his different appearances as Prahalada and Vyasaraja. He approached the Parama guru who revealed the true nature of God and who was completely free from any kind of negative influence at any point in time. He was uplifted by “vidhAtA”.

ninna nA Ashrayisuvenu  nigamagOcharane nityA… Shri Purandara Dasaru

neenupEksha mADidare bere gati yAr enage ….Shri Purandara dasaru

He resides inside us and is ever ready to uplift us. We need to understand His true nature, albeit in a limited manner and yet grace comes without fail.

“oMde kUgaLAte vaikuMTA saMdEha villavo sAdu sajjanarige…” Shri Purandara dasaru

muktarugalige aashrayanu sukhadaata neene….. talks of the soul’s eternal dependence on this Supreme master. He is the shelter in Mukti also and makes the jiva experience bliss there . The VSN says ,’muktAnAm paramAmgatih”

My sincere obeisances to my gurugalu Shri Bannanje Govindacharyaru who inspires and enables an exploration of the gunas of Hari . The seeker’s earnestness is all that counts.

Dashavatara of Lord Vishnu – 10 Incarnations of Lord Vishnu on the ...

44)shri dhAtre namah!-The powerful Supreme who carries/bears everything

sweekarisi dharisi nee rakshisi pOshipa daata

baagi shira namO embe shreesha vEdesha sarvesha

EkAtma shrikarane brahmanadharisi nAbhiya

sukamaladi janmavittu porevi naarayana

You accept and nourish. I bow down to You , O consort of Shree, the Supreme being extolled by the Vedas and the controller of everyone and everything. You are the one and only such. There is none like You. You bestow wealth of various kinds on Your devotees. You bore Brahma in the beautiful lotus giving it existence from Your navel.

What acceptance is this “sweekarisi” referring to?It could be the plea for grace from the ardent devotee or it could be a devout offering from the devotee. Both have their place in God’s compassionate dealings.

iMdu ninna moreya hokke endigAdarenna poreyo shrinivAsane

The above is a beginning of a song by Shri Purandara dasaru. He says ,” I have sent in my pleas today, it is Your protection that I seek . He quietly conveys his staunch belief that there is no doubt about protection coming forth. It will come, as per one’s eligibility.

Jagannatha dasaru has said ,” koTTudanu kaikoMba oMdarekshaNa biTTagala…”

“Hari accepts the offering given to Him earnestly and bestows protection which is one of a kind. He never leaves the side of His devotee even for half a moment.”

manadoLage suMdara padArtava nenedu koDe kaikoMba…. koTTavaranu sadA santaisuvanu..”

“When a devotee offers beautiful things which one contemplates in one’s mind, Hari accepts them and bestows endless benefits on the devotee.”

Prasanna Shreenivasa Dasaru says, ” I bow down to You, O shreesha, Vedesha, sarvEsha” .In the context of “dhAtre” we look at each of these sambodhana’s used by Dasaru.

One who is able to accept the pleas of others and bestow protection or fruits  must be mighty and powerful. He who accepts the pleas of all devotees from time immemorial to infinity must be infinitely powerful. That is one of the meanings of “shreesha” Shri meaning -sampattu- wealth.”Infinite power/independence is the true wealth. All others depend on Him for any kind of wealth like, a body, mind, sense organs and the abilities to use them. ” Jagannatha dasaru has said ,”janapa mechchidarIva danavAhana vibhushana vasana bhUmiya…. tanu managalittAdariparuMTeno…….anavarata nenevavara anantAsanave modalAdAlayadolu…..” He bestows what none can. He protects and allows the jiva’s swabhava /innate nature to unfold. Finally when the jiva understands Him as the meaning of all sound, as the meaning of all words as Vedesha, He bestows the soul with aparOksha jnAna and such a chosen one receives the knowledge that He is sarvEsha .”The very same master who is my inner controller is the controller of each and every entity and thing.”

vittadEhAgAra dArA

patyamitrAdigaLoLage guNa

chittabuddhyadiMdriyagaLoLu j~nAnakaRmadoLu

tattadAhvayanAgi karesuta

satyasaMkalApanusAradi

nityadali tA mADimADipaneMdu smarisutiru.HKAS_05-10

shrIsha- All wealth is a means to reach Him. All wealth exists because of His grace. He is the sole owner of all wealth.

vEdesha- All knowledge culminates in the knowledge of His Superiority and independence. He is the master of all knowledge and reveals to each one as per their eligibily . Goal of study is to know Him as per one’s abilities.

sarvEsha – He is the master of wealth and knowledge. The entire infinite attributes possible are a form of wealth and He knows each and every minute being in all its states for all time. Hence bestows each one with the exact experience that one deserves at that time. There is no lack of resources for Him-shreesha, there is no lack of knowledge for Him – One need never feel that one’s good deeds will not be noticed, neither will the bad deeds be ignored. His infinite consciousness makes each and every one of the infinite souls accountable to Him.

Further all of us human beings feel bent under the weight of our responsibilities which we seemingly do not shine through.We always feel that it could have been done better, said better, heard better etc etc. There seems to be a lack in our doings which adds to the burden. Indeed our doings affect all those who are close to us and hence the burden multiplies. Contemplation on “dhAtre namah!”

 This upasana of Hari as our bimba muruti/inner controller who is the actual one who carries everything and sees to everything making us just the instrument, then the burden on our mind lifts . He who carries the entire Brahmanda with all the souls including the highest one Brahma carries everything effortlessly . The moment we accept our inability to actually carry anything at all, we are delivered from our anxiety and burdens and are able to live life with a light heart. All guilt and regret is washed off . Fresh enthusiasm to become His instrument in this universe wells up inside our hearts and life becomes a journey filled with peaceful acceptance.He is the one who unloads the weight of anxiety and worry and one can rest assured that He will do the needful, the best possible outcomes will be delivered to each and every soul based on their eligibility to obtain or enjoy.

Shri Purandara dasaru has said,

“chinte yaake mADuttiddi chinmayaniddaane

chintA ratnavembo anantaniddAne”

 

43)Shree anAdinidhanAya namah!

janana mriti illadaanAdinidhana namO

nee nitya aprAkrita vigrahaanandamaya jnAnaroopamaya

jani jarAdyakhila dOshadURanu avikAra

neenu kAlaatIta aksharanu swatantranu Atma

Shree Prasanna Shrinivasa Dasa gurubhyoh namah!

“O anAdi nidhanane, You are free from the hassles of birth and death, are eternal and untouched by the binding forces of Prakriti. In fact it is Your wish and will that Prakriti be such a binding force on all and You are the driving force of knowledge and power for everything. You remain changeless and completely flawless.  Time which preys on the embodied being as per Your divine will has no binding influence on You. Your domain of existence is imperishable and independent . You pervade everywhere and inspire every living being , being their inner controller-atma. I bow down in humble surrender to You and seek Your bountiful grace!”

There are many verses in the Gita which declare the Lord as being eternal and free from bondage. Some of them are ..

natvevAham jAtu nAsam na tvam ne me janAdipAh….

In the above verse He gives His own self an example of immortality of the soul.

yam hi na vyatanyatyete…..so amruthatvaaya kalpate…..

The above verse states that whosoever is not bound by the duals of joy and sorrow, loss and gain are sure to attain the subtle land of no return

janma karma cha me divyam……………………….punarjanmam na vidyate

Further , Lord Krishna procliams that whosoever studies and understands the immense and wonderful avataras of Hari become free from the schackles of transmigration.

If the soul is itself eternal, the Lord who is the cause for its very existence is definitely eternal,complete  in all its infinite aspects. The completeness itself qualifies it as free from defects or transformations due to impact from other forces. There is none who can influence Hari. What He decides so shall it happen. There is no other way.

hari chitta satya nara chittake banduddu lava lesha…

kAlAtIta – Time is binding factor experienced by everyone of us. Time passes and can never be recalled. Time extends in the future but it remains an enigma as there is no definteness about it. It’s wonder is that the length of the time is relative.When we are engaged in activities that we are attached to, or like; then times seems to move fast ,otherwise the clock seems to tick slower. All these influences of time on the emobodied being are instituted by anAdinidhanO-Hari – The one who is beyond Time. For Him there is no such thing as past time,  present and future which are binding. The qualifiers of time pertain to those who are born and have a beginning in their embodiment not Hari who is never different from His essence and is not born in that sense of the word as we usually use it, obtaining a body.  Hence He is akshara- never has a body which is destroyed at some point in time.

Why so? He is swatantra. He is always independent in existence,knowledge and action. This single most important attribute sets Him apart from every other entity in the universe and beyond.

He is Atma. In all His glorious attributes He exists inside each and every soul as well as in the entire space for all time. He resides inside us and this name ‘Atma’ of the Lord is one that is specifically suited for the upasana among human beings. The special four gunas which are cognizable by humans are sat, chit , ananda and atma. Here “Atma” has been mentioned and the glory of this name should be meditated as the bimba rupa-the antaryami who is completely in control of all beings and things at all times. who is free from defects and full of auspicious attributes.

 

I bow down repeatedly at the feet of my guru Shri Bannanje Govindacharyaru . I offer my sincere obeisances to Shri Prasanna Shrinivasa dasaru for having given us this treasure on Vishnu Sahasranama in Kannada and to that flawless Hari who is the controller of time and is limitless.

 

42)Shree mahAswanAya namah! Eternal,infinite sound of knowledge!

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jnAnavAgiha mahAdhana prada mahAswane

ninage namO namO paramapUjya nee sarvagnya

AmnAya rugaadi sadAgamagalinda jnEya nee

vijnAna aparOksha vIvi bhaktarge hayasheersha

Paramatma’s avatars address the two main purposes which can never be fulfilled by others completely – jnAna kaarya and bala kArya.He disburses jnAna and thrashes the wicked both outwardly as well as in the minds of the good people by flashing the light of jnAna inside.  Krishna avatar is an exemplary avatar which is very close to us being just 5000 years ago. It is an endearing avatara and the very simple daily activities of Krishna during is childhood provide solace to the disturbed minds in Kali yuga. It is no wonder ,He is referred to as “bhuvana pAvana charita punya shravana keerthana…” by Shri Jagannatha dasaru.  To listen to His glories itself requires a requisite amount of jnaana by His grace which enables one to understand the fleeting nature of the world and choose to spend time on the glories of Hari who is eternal, flawless and compassionate.

He has given the fountain of knowledge in the form of Bhagavad Gita, Uddav gita , Anu gita and much more .He provides jnAna to the deserving , as He enables them to filter the noise from the sound and accept the glory of God in each and every sound that they hear.

Shri Madhwaacharyaru has said,”Every sound  is an epithet of God.”(Oft quoted by my gurugalu Shri Bannanje Govindacharyaru). Even the sound of the lizard as it chirps should alert one to the glory of Hari. After all when we have no words to describe a wonder we also chirp……. in an attempt to express it.

Shri Vijayadasaru has said ,”sAdhanake bage kANennabahude …. keluvA shabdagalu ninne keerthaneyu….”

Sound fills the created world all the time .Why so ? As long as there is some kind of life, there is movement and vibration. These by itself cause sound without the different forms of life filling up the environment with sounds from their vocal chords, or beaks, mouths etc. Each of these sounds are capable of disclosing Hari’s glory to the discerning year. That is what is said by Vijayadasaru in the above song. But it can be heard and deciphered as Hari’s glory only through the grace of  Hari through the guru.

Dasaru sings the glory of such a form of Hari in a devotional fervour stating ” You are mahAswana, the giver of the highest form of wealth-jnAna . I bow down to You repeatedly and seek Your grace. Your are complete  in jnAna and there is nothing that You do not know. Everything is known to You without bounds of time, space or entities. You are the cause for everything , yet remain undisclosed. You can be known only through the Apourusheya texts like the Vedas .When one conducts such a study as ordained by You, You grace them with special knowledge of Your roopas and kriyas and bestow Your vision on them. I remain truly mesmerised by this flowing compasison of Yours, Oh Hari, O mahaswanah!”

The knowledge which is secured is bestowed by Him and the fruit of knowledge is His vision also bestowed by Him. Further to enable one to acquire such knowledge He resides in the guru as “Hayagreeva” and spurs our minds in the right direction at the right speed to understand a little of His glory as per our abilities. All sounds are charged with His presence and He sings the truth all the time – mahAswanah!

 

 

41)Shree pushkarAkshAya namah!

ninaganya pushTikararyAriharu avaranna

nee nirAsamADi pushTikararinyAru illade

nInAgiye iruvi pushkarAkshane namO embe

vanajAksha asama udAra pOshana samartha

Shri Purandara Dasaru has described the exclusive quality of Hari as being totally exclusive in the devaranama.

i pariya sobhagu inyaava devarali naa kANe

gOpi janapriya gOpAlagallade

Sri Purandara dasaru echoes the meaning of  “pushkarAkshA” in this song.

All the days when we were really tired and fatigued. It is “pushkarAksha” Swami who uplifted us with boosts of energy both to our body as well as our mind. Whenever we find our energy sapping we think , ok a nice nap will repair this, a drink of milo,coffee or tea will energise me.The actual truth is that the infinte power which is the energy behind any other energy we know of, is “PushkarAksha”. There is no other independent source of energy.

Bhagavad Gita 15th chapter ,He declares..

aham Aditya gatam teja,jagat bhasayate….

aham vaishwanaro bhUtva,prANiNam deham ashritah……

rasOham apsu kaunteya….

These are just a few phrases which proclaim His overlordship on action as well as the energy for action.

Science tells us ,The sun is the source of our energy. The ancients discerned the truth behind the sun’s energy as the inifinite Supreme.

Let’s examine some sources of energy and understand how they are actually not the absolute sources of energy . If they were , they would have the same effect on all but such is not the case. The very thought of a cup of coffee may energise some, after the drink we are able to carry on for some more time,is the experience of others while it has no effect on others. They don’t even want to drink it. ?If coffee was a source of comfort independently by itself, it would be so for everyone at all times but that is not seen to be so. It is obviously the way the mind has been trained to think due to repeated and constant association. Even so,the chemical composition of coffee itself is seen to be from the bean. The bean is not designed by any human hand. It is existing since the world came to be and was discovered by humans some time in the past. This is true for any refreshing food or drink as the individual person thinks or feels. As the energy, design and effects are all from the one and same original source- purshkarAksha…..

Energy in the form of food and water enters our bodies, gets digested,waste is eliminated and the glucose is then converted to energy. These intricate proccesses go on inside our body without our being aware of them, or our control. If there is a problem in the process then there is a problem with our energy levels. Each and everyone of this is addressed by that infinite source of energy and intelligence -“pushkarAkshaaya”. There is none who is independent of this source. That is what is clearly experienced by the learned or aware. Shri Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru has stated that in quite clear terms and somewhat vehemently to instill this beyond doubt.

Who is there , other than You who can energise others?

This rehtorical sentence is affirming His independence as the source of all energy, thought and action. Then Dasaru says ,” In case there are some beings who seek to portray that they are not dependent on You but are independent , they are soon shown that they are not.”

For example , The Bhagavatha  narrates the stories of Hari’s glory and His compassion on devotees. At the same time, the proud,wicked and fradulent people have suffered humilation and death at His hands. That is His promise to the good people .”Victory is ensured if one does the right thing inspite of circumstances.”

Hiranyakashipu who exulted in pride and sought to subdue Prahlada’s words of truth proclaiming the independence of Hari met his death at the hands of “pushkarAksha”.

Hirangyakashipu ,surprised at Prahlada’s tolerance of his misdeeds, lack of retaliation or even covering with fear at his wicked threats asked him ,”Who is giving you this energy to withstand all this and speak against me for what you beleive in? ” To that Prahlada replied ,”He is the same Hari who is giving you the energy to do and say anything at all…” What a wonderful statement! What confidence in “pushkarAksha- bhaktrakshaka” ,’pushkarAksha-pushTi neeDuvava”.

ninaganya pushTikararannu nee nirAsa mADi purshTikararinyaaru illade neenaagiye iruvi…. Here Dasaru says ,”There is no one who lives or exists without Your benovelent presence inside them.At the same time, there is no one who provides support of any kind to You to exist . Your existence is itself one of a kind without a second, as it is of true flawless bliss independent of anyone or anything. Your eyes are lovely like the lotus and contemplating on Your beautiful eyes bring peace and happiness to the sadhaka as it bestows Your grace. Let Your compassionate glance grace me is the innermost earnest wish of the devotee and that is what Shri Prasanna Shrinivasa dasaru is visualising on behalf of the devotees as well. You are completely capable of supporting and sustaining this universe. This is Your generous gift to the souls.

My repeated obeisances to You O PushkarAksha, Make me energised in my spiritual endeavour and bestow that bhakti/emotional fervour with reverence towards to You for all time. My earnest prostrations to my gurugalu Shri Bannanje Govindacharyaru for showing us the opening up of the word to us layman in seeking the glory of Hari.

40) shri AdityAya namah!The Supreme who accepts our meagre worship with compassion

udAra vistAra modalu maryAde ullava

Aditya namO bhakti supujegaLa koLLo shreesha

AdityAMtastanAgiruvavane Aditya neenu

aditi suta vAmana upEndra namO namaste

ಉದಾರ ವಿಸ್ಥಾರ ಮೊದಲು ಮರ್ಯಾದೆ ಉಳ್ಳವ
ಆದಿತ್ಯ ನಮೋ ಭಕ್ತಿ ಸುಪೂಜೆಗಳ ಕೊಳ್ಳೋ ಶ್ರೀಶ
ಆದಿತ್ಯಾನಂಟಸ್ತನಾಗಿರುವವನೇ ಆದಿತ್ಯ ನೀನು
ಅದಿತಿ ಸುತ ವಾಮನ ಉಪೇಂದ್ರ ನಮೋ ನಮಸ್ತೆ

“O Aditya, You are the most capable Supreme who  receives the foremost and extensive worship .  O Aditya I bow down in surrender to Your Supreme independence, please accept the worship offered with intense devotion to You. You reside inside Aditya and give Aditya the ability to shine resplendently day after day dispersing darkness and spreading light and hope. You are Aditya also because You appeared as Vamana, Upendra the son of Aditi and Kashyapa.

He is the only One who is eligible to receive extensive worship by one and all .

Shri Madhwaacharyaru has said ,

“vande vandyam sadAnandam vAsudevam niranjanam

indirApati mAdhyAdi varadEsha varapradam”

He bestows grace on the higher deities who are worshippable by others lower than them in abilities . Even mahAlakshmi who bestows grace on her devotees is always engaged in His worship.

even though He does not require any of the offerings offered by anyone , being “swaramaNa, nitya tripta” . Yet, He accepts the offerings of His devotees and bestows bountiful grace on them.

iTTikallanu bhakutiyiMdali

koTTa bhakutage mechchi tannane

koTTa baDabrAhmaNana oppiDiyavaligakhiLARtha…2.12

He accepts the worship of His devotee with utmost delight as seen from Jagannatha dasaru’s description in the Karuna sandhi..

malagi paramAdaradi pADalu

kuLitu kELuva kuLitu pADalu

niluva niMtare naliva nalidare olive nimageMba

sulabhanO hari tannavaranara

ghaLige biTTagalanu ramAdhava

nolisalariyade pAmararu baLaluvaru bhavadoLage…… HKAS_02-05

Shri Purandara Dasaru describes the Lord’s compassion on His devotees  ,”Just a call away is the city of Vaikunta for the sadhus and sajjanas.”

onde koogalate vaikunta

sandEhavillavo saadhu sajjanarige

Hari is every mindful of His devotee’s innermost yearnings. He listens to every whisper in our heart and attends to it, not that we are every entitled to it, not because we have earned it through prayer ,worship or offerings but just because of His benevolence. He is “Aditya” always in the ready to bestow benefactions on those who surrender everything to Him as His worship.

Shri Krishna declares in the fifteenth chapter of the gita

yad aditya-gatam tejo
jagad bhasayate ‘khilam
yac candramasi yac cagnau
tat tejo viddhi mamakam…  12

“Know, that I am the source of the radiant splendour of the sun which is able to dispel darkness and illuminate the entire world , the radiance of the moon and the fiery energy in the fire .”

You appeared as Vamana to enable Bali to get on with his sadhana. His current status was one of excessive pride of ownership and doership which was well and truly trounced by Vamana. The devotion of Bali in the long term came in handy to help him overcome his faults. Indeed,That is the Lord’s grace.

I bow down in reverence to my gurugalu Shri Bannanje Govindacharyaru who has given us this comprehension of the Supreme and changed our outlook towards every action.

 

39) Shree Shambhave namah!

AnaMda utpAdaka stAnanAgiruvaMta shaMbu

ninage namO sukhanidhe AnaMdOdrekadiMda

Ananda leelAvatAra jagat shrishTAdigalannu

nIne mADi sAdhanagaisi sukha odagisuvi

ಆನಂದ ಉತ್ಪಾದಕ ಸ್ಥಾನನಾಗಿರುವಂಥ ಶಂಭು
ನಿನಗೆ ನಮೋ ಸುಖನಿಧೇ ಆನಂದೋದ್ರೇಕದಿಂದ
ಆನಂದ ಲೀಲಾವತಾರ ಜಗತ್ಸ್ರಿಷ್ಟಾದಿಗಳನ್ನು
ನೀನೆ ಮಾಡಿ ಸಾಧನಗೈಸಿ ಸುಖ ಒದಗಿಸುವಿ

sham- Ananda bhu -unnatike

Shri Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru says ,” O Shambu, I bow down to you and offer my earnest and sincere prostrations. Your very nature is of the highest infinite bliss . You are the treasure house and source of this flawless bliss for every entity eligible to enjoy it with Your grace. Design, creation and the other eight-fold dispensations for this universe of sentient and insentient things is but an overflow of Your very own bliss.You perform all actions effortlessly and totally without any selfish motive.  Your motive is for the benefit of the good people. You make them don suitable bodies and lead them along the path of sadhana and when they are ready, You bestow the state of final beatitude on them, out of Your infinite compassion. There is no compulsion in any of Your actions and just happen because You wish to be the benefactor of the good and make them enjoy bliss as per their abilities.”

The manObhimAni Shiva also has the name “Shambu”. Why so? It is because he is instrumental in setting the attitude of the mind to enjoy. After all, the mere incoming senses do not cause the pleasures of the world. The most important aspect which causes happiness or sadness is the way we perceive it. If we have a long association with it, we become attached to it and feel happy with the input. The mind colours our perception . If Paramatma as “Shambu” who resides in inside Shiva who is also Shambu in the mind, then the attitude of the jiva is so tuned that there is no question of loss or grief irrespective of the actual occurances in life. The attitude of Guru Raghavendraru when the few utensils in his house were stolen clearly indicates this. Loss of the utensil caused him no grief, he only felt compassion for the takers. Sri Jagannatha dasaru also has spoken about the mental attitudes of “mahatmas” in “ranga ninna konDADuva mangalAtmara”.  “Hey Shambu! I surrender my mind to You, please make me Your instrument.”

Every minute that we breathe easy, eat food not just effortlessly but joyfully, a good night’s sleep, travel to wonderful places, discussions with friends and relatives and many many more activities that we engage in, on a day to day basis afford happiness to us. Who is the cause of this happiness? Shambu is the infinite storehouse of bliss and doles our happiness to each one based on their innate nature,previous karma and current status in time. This name of Hari makes us sit up and wonder at His enormous ability. He does this not just for one person  continuously through the day, through the weeks,months and years, but for each and every person as well as beings as per their capabilities. Wow, Imagine if we were to count the number of instances of experiences of happiness for ourselves in one lifetime, it would itself be quite endless, what of everyone.

How vast, infinite and boundless must such an energiser and provider of such experiences to all those who deserve it at any point in time !

Newborn baby boy sleepingStock image of 'beautiful young indian girl child enjoying ice cream ...meditation | Fit Is a Feminist Issuetwo-friends-clipart-black-and-white-two-friends-hugging-clipart-2 ...

These limited pleasures of life also afford us so much happiness, how much more must be the state of freedom from fear and grief-the state of moksha. Dasaru says ,”Not just the day to day goings on in our life, but the entire chart for our sadhana has been designed by You O Shambu with a view to enable us to experience our own inherent joy. Towards that end ,the creation of the world and  the placement of sentient and insentient objects in the world have been designed by You. My repeated obeisances to You O the infinite independent enjoyer and source of the enjoyment of all others”

 

38)Shri Swayambhuve namah!Independence in assuming forms without loss of any kind

swatantranaagiye aavirbhavisuvi nee swayambhu

Adaradi namo embe deepaat deepaantara polu

mOdachinmaya avatAragaLa prakaTisuvi

matsyAdi avatAragaLu karma nimittavalla

ಸ್ವತಂತ್ರನಾಗಿಯೇ ಆವಿರ್ಭವಿಸುವಿ ನೀ ಸ್ವಯಂಭು
ಆದರದಿ ನಮೋ ಎಂಬೆ ದೀಪಾತ್ ದೀಪಾಂತರಂ ಪೋಲು
ಮೋದ ಚಿನ್ನಮಯ ಅವತಾರಗಳ ಪ್ರಕಟಿಸುವಿ
ಮತ್ಸ್ಯಾದಿ ಅವತಾರಗಳು ಕರ್ಮ ನಿಮಿತ್ತವಲ್ಲ

Shri Prasanna Shrinivasa Dasaru explains this name of the Lord describing His inherent capacity to exhibit as many forms as He wishes and to accomplish whatsoever He wishes . It is not that He cannot accomplish without that particular form as all His forms are equally potent .He makes an appearance in that form and performs actions during avataras as He pleases. Appearance or form does not bind Him, neither do time or place. Unlike the souls who are born or are made to take on bodies because of their previous karma, the Lord takes on forms as per His will and His forms are all of complete knowledge and bliss.

In the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna clarifies that His appearance as Krishna or any other avatar is totally mystic and exclusive. One who is able to understand this, will become free from transmigration and be blessed to obtain the grace of Krishna.

It becomes totally important to know about His avataras and the Vishnu sahasranama describes the various attributes of Hari in many a varied way. This name “sambhava” when taken with any other name becomes a wonderful way to understand “divya” in the shloka above.

Vishnu- sambhava – When He appears in any avatara also He is omnipresent,omniscient and omnipotent too. Viswam- sambhava – In avataras too, He is completely capable and is the cause of the existence of all others. Vashatkaara- Sambhava. As Krishna also He is Vashatkaara, the one with the six-fold sway on the jivas. He makes souls be born, makes them aware,makes them live, change , deteriorate and finally pass away.

Shree Lakshmi Shobane 49

hattu mattaru saasira streeyarali

hattu hattenipa kramadinda

putrara veeryadali shrishTisidavarunte

artiya shrishti Harigeedu

Here the limitless possibilities of Hari’s capability to create and sustain etc are seen.

All these explain Dasaru’s words ‘swatantranaagiye aavirbhavisuvi”.

Dasaru says ,” O Swayambhuve,I bow down to You ,  in deep reverence and complete humility. Your magnificence is beyond me as You are completely independent in Your innumerables forms, deeds and names.When You manifest in a particular form, the original form as well as the avatara form ,both are complete and auspicious even as a lamp that is lighted from another glowing lamp .The first lamp never loses its glory and brilliance and the second one also possesses the same flawless radiance as the first,. This is true,irrespective of how many ever lamps are lighted using the first lamp. This example is given in the Bhagavatham to clearly explain the infinite abilities of Hari. All analogies are limited but are quite apt when they are quoted to understand a particular attribute. Your auspicious attributes are powerful flawless and unbounded. “

Shri Vadirajaru says,

shri nArAyaNara janani janakara

naa neMba vaadi nuDiyalo

jANaradariMdariya mUlaroopava tori

shri nArasimhana avataara ||40||

aMbudiya udakadali oDedu mUDida kUrma

emba shri hariya pitanAru

emba shri hariya pitanAru adariMda swa-

yambugalella avatAra