49)shri padmanaabhaya namah

padmasambhava vedagaayanadi stutisuvanta
vedavaakyagalaliruvi pratipaadyanaagi
padmanaabhane namo vishwa aashraya mukya swaami
jyothirmaya jnaanadane dayadi paalayamaam

O Padmanabha! I bow down in deep reverence to You, who are the main import of the Vedas which are always being sung by the one who manifested from the lotus. You are the support for the entire universe, You are the sole controller of all, Your form is of radiance and brilliance, You bestow knowledge on those who understand You as such . I surrender to You and seek Your protection, with the firm belief in Your overflowing compassion.”

Padma sambhava is Brahma , the one who is born from the lotus. After his appearance, Lord appeared in the form of Hayagreeva and gave the upadesha of the Vedas and advised him to chant and contemplate. “tadvitapah tadvitapah” . So he continues to recite the verses from the Vedas and find deep meaning in their every syllable and letters which reveals a little of the majesty of his creator,Padmanaabha.

Padmasambhava is ever aware of Hari’s benefaction and compassion and all other auspicious attributes and hence continues to sing His praise. He is the true ideal for all jivas to follow and emulate. The prime and foremost duty of all is to express gratitude to their creator singing His praise with an understanding of His great attributes. The Brahma sootras too decry this that “Brahma jignyaasa is mandatory for every human being.” And the fact that the very first born of Brahma(Paramatma) sings His praise using the Vedas is a guide for the human race that in order to sing and know His greatness we need the help of the Vedas which are authorless and flawless.

Shri Acharayaru too has said that “Vishnu is knowable only through the Vedas-sadaagamas”

“sadaagamaika vignyeyam samateetha ksharaaksharam”

Shri Purandara dasaru has sung

padumanaabha, parama purusha paranjyOthi swaroopa….

It is Padmanabha who is the Supreme Purusha. His infinite form is of flawless radiance. This Superior Purusha’s praise is sung in the fifteenth chapter of the Bhagavad Gita.

“dwavimou purushe loke ksharascha akshara eva cha…”

“There are two types of Purushas- “kshara-those with perishable bodies” and “akshara- the one Lakshmi who is dependent on Hari ,yet has an imperishable body” I am superior to both these, and I am unique and as such I am known as Paramatma.”

He is the sole shelter for the entire Vishwa. The Purushottama is the one who bestows the power to illuminate on  luminous beings like Chandra, Surya and Agni. He is the Agni in the stomach of beings known as “Vaishwanara” and digests the food eaten by them, day after day, meal after meal. He is such that none can shine light on Him. His brilliance can only be perceived and revealed to the sincere seeker by His grace. He resides in the heart lotus of each and every being and is their sole controller. He is the independent master.

Shri Prasanna Shreenivasa Dasaru says, “Let us surrender to this infinite opulent Lord and seek knowledge as He is the benevolent bestower of knowledge on those who earnestly seek it.”

47)shri aprameyaya namah-The boundless Infinite opulent being

parimAna illadavanu aprameyane namO
yArindalu sAkalya ninna ariyalu ashakya
siri mattu brahmeshAdigalu eshTe yatnisidaru
hariguNa mahime koNe ariye ashakyaru

Shri Prasanna Shrinivasa dasa gurubhyo namah!

“O aprameya, the one whose strength and gunas are immeasurable by any standards, I bow down to Your infinite abilities in humble surrender. I acknowledge that your might is too great, your brilliance too bright for anyone to know you completely. It is just not possible. You are named “Aprameya” by the Vishnu Sahasranama and that itself defines you as one who is immeasurable. Even “,Shri” the akshara purushalu who has en ever imperishable body nor the superior most among jivas-Brahma, Vayu nor others like Shiva can never ever know Your might in all its infiniteness, however much they try.”

Acharya Madhwaru has said ,”bahu chitra jagat bahudaakaraNaat parashaktirananta guNa paramah!” Just examining the world, its varied natures in each kind of beings is itself a revelation of the infinite capabilities of its creator. Science has reached many frontiers. Every time a new discovery is made, scientists are completely taken by surprise at the possibility. There is no field of science that can claim,”There is nothing more to research in this field ” When nature itself is so abundant in its intricate workings, in its surprising secret codes of communication between cells etc, how can we not intuit that the knowledge of God who is the creator and sustainer of everything is totally above bounds . Going a step further Dasaru proclaims that even the most elevated of everyone who exists in all space and time with Hari, that Lakshmi too is baffled by His infiniteness.
praLaya jaladhiyoLuLLa
nAveyu holabugANade suttuvaMdadi
jalaruhExaNanamala guNarUpagaLa chiMtisuta
neleya gANade mahalakumi chaM
chalavanaidihaLalpa jIvari
gaLavaDuvudEnivana mahimegaLI jagatrayadi…….HKAS_07-32

“Imagine a small boat in the huge waters of a deluge, do you think it can move across the vast sea of water and cross over? It’s not possible. The boat keeps turning round and round but sees no end in either direction. Similarly Lakshmi who is always deeply immersed in the enumeration of Bhagavantha gunas with utmost devotion, keep looking from one to the other and so on but never does she find an end to it. How is possible for any other soul to complete the contemplation of all the gunas of Hari?

The meaning implied is,”Of course impossible. After all even the best among jivas, Brahma is bound by time and space. If Lakshmi who has no such boundary itself is unable to completely see all Hari’s gunas in all their infinite abilities then, how can anyone else ever claim to do it?

48) shree hrishikeshaayanamah-The controller of our sense organs and mind

indriyagalige swami hriskesha namo yembe
indriya abhimaanigaloliddu niyamisuvi
indiregu brahmanige bhaktajana sarvarigu
mandarOdhara neenu yataayogya harshavaneevi

Shri Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru extols the glory of Vishnu as “hrishikEsha” the controller of the indriyas. The indriyas are our window to the world. The soul inside this body communicates gives out as well as takes in information through these sense organs. They afford all the joys that we experience in the world. They are the means of all experience and lead us on the journey of knowledge or a life if pleasure as the individual is directed by one’s mind, which is again Hrishikesha’s forte.He is the controller of the mind.The concept of mind and it’s workings are the wish and work of Paramatma. Shri Jagannath dasaru says,”manadolage taaniddu manavendenisi kombanu, manada vrittigala anusarisi bhogagalaneevanu trivida chetanake.” The next part says,”Those who offer Him their mind are the winners of Him. He bestows Himself on those that surrender their mind to Him.

Each of the sense organs works intelligently providing information about our surroundings and co-ordinati g it with old memories if they exist and push us to feel an emotion about the experience

. I like this, I don’t like that etc are decided based on repeated co-relations with memories and their associated emotions.The individual then prefers those experiences which provide a positive emotional experience. When we think about our experiences and emotions we really have to agree that we are not the initiators of.both and have No control on them. Yet we have to agree that they can happen only through the volition of some intelligent agent. Acharya Madhwaru propounds the concept of the abhimani devathas for each organ and each sense and different levels of mind all of them in turn being controlled by Mukyapraana who is in turn acting as per the ichcha of Hrishikesha.

One daily problem that most of us face is confronting negative thoughts which bring us down. They create anxiety and fear and stop the normal functioning of the mind and body. How do we tackle this problem?  To that Dasaru answers,’mandharOdhara’.if we contemplate on ‘Hrishikesha as mandhoradhara’,  He will uplift our mind.He does that for everyone including Brahma and even Lakshmi too. So isn’t that a wonderful revelation?

He elevates our thinking and bestows bliss on us. Our thinking and perception become purified and fail to have a negative impact on our mind irrespective of the actual situation. The right attitude to life is one of His greatest gifts and this He bestows it on those who contemplate on Him as Hrishikesha.




47)Shree aprameyaaya namah!Whose limitlessness remains a mystery to all for all time

parimANa illadavanu aprameyane namo

yaariMdalu saakalya ninnanu ariyalu ashakya

shiri mattu brahmEshaadigalu yeshTe yatinisidaru

hariguNa mahime koNe ariye ashaktaru

Shree Prasanna Shrinivasa dasa gurubhyoh namah!

Dasaru explains this nama of Shri Vishnu as conceptualised in the Brihati sahasra mantra in the first line until the word ‘namo’ . Then he continues to explain that further.

“O aprameya! You are without a boundary.No one can ever know you fully and completely at any time. Even Shri- Lakshmi, Brahma and others who are constantly engaged in contemplating on Your auspicious attributes remain unable to explore your gunas and their extent completely.”

The great and unique glory of Hari is His infiniteness. There is no other entity like Him. He pervades everything eternally with His infinite gunas. It is truly His infinite energy and intelligence which sustains the world and every atom in it .

Shri Jaganatha Dasaru has said,

Jagadudaranativimala guNarUpagaLanAlochanadi

bhArata nigamatatigaLatikramisi kriyAvishEShagaLa

bagebageya nUtanava kANuta mige haruShadhim

pogaLi higguva triguNamAni mahAlakumi             

saMtaisalanudinavu. … ……… HKAS_01-02 “

“Even during pralaya kaala when everything else is silent, no life stirs being sucked into Hari’s stomach at the time of delusion and only Mahalakshmi is with Him, she continues to contemplate on subtle aspects of His gunas which are beyond those described in the Vedas, Mahabharata and other scriptural texts. She is immersed in bliss and sings His glory. ”

This brings a clear picture of the infiniteness of Paramatma. For Lakshmi who is always  with Him at all times and places , it is not possible to cognize His glory fully, so what of others who  have immense limitations of time and place for their own abilities of being and thinking and almost no window of time for being in the presence of Hari.

Another verse in the Vyapti sandhi of Harikathamrutha saara tells about the inability of Brahma and others to ever understand His glory though,they have a long a period of time namely , one Brahma kalpa,Thirty one thousand, one hundred and four thousand crore years(311040000000000)- Brahma kalpa to think, contemplate and meditate .

strInapuMsaka puruSha bhUsali

lAnalAnila gaganamana shashi

bhAnu kAlaguNa prakR^itiyoLagoMdu tAnalla

Enu ivana mahAmahime kaDe

gANarajabhava shakramukharu ni

dhAnisalu mAnavarigaLavaDuvudE vichArisalu……………………….HKAS_03-02

 From the perspective of the sadhaka, this aprameya Paramatma’s infinite abilities can be imagined a little, by looking at the variety of life and the method of their sustenance in the world.

“bahu chitra jagat bahudakaraNaat parashaktih anantaguNah paramaH”… Dwadasha stotra. The variety and diversity of the world leads one to wonder who sustains it and one soon concludes that it definitely points to the infinite nature of Hari, its creator.

Every day, every hour and every minute and second all the life forms require sustenance. Sustenance happens through intelligence and energy. Both are abundant in Hari as Shrimad Acharyaru says ,”parashaktih” He is the unique and supreme energy.

If we take the human race itself, the number of living humans at any given time is so large and for each and every one of the cells of different organs, the working of the different systems, are all coordinated so well that one doesn’t realise that so much of intelligent work is going on behind the scenes.

Please check out this URL for a little know-how about amino acids, the way they are formed etc.


Aprameya’s energy is quite clearly unfathomable. The immense magnitude of intelligent energy required to manage this process for one human being itself is large, what of the masses and masses of humans and the same holds true for all living beings in different ways.

Sri Jaganantha dasaru says the same in HKAS 11.18

khEchararu bhUchararu vAri ni

shAchararoLiddavara kaRmaga

LAcharisuvanu ghanamahima paramAlpanOpAdi

gOcharisanu bahu prakArA

lOchaneya mAdidaru manasige   (Ah! Is He not apramEya ?)

kIchakAri prIya kavijanagEya maharAya….HKAS_11-18


Understanding this concept of infiniteness at least a little is a very important aspect of our sadhana. Repeated contemplation with complete faith renews us and keeps us free from fear and anxiety by His grace.

sadguNava kaddavara aghava kadivanu anagha nendenisi… HKAS 2.22

Contemplation on the positive aspects of the bimba- Shri Hari, who is Master and independent doer of all actions,cleanses the antahkarana of the negative aspects and limitations accumulated by the jiva through countless births.

Aprameya is beyond logic. Shastras proclaim that His actions are not predictable. What one may visualize, what one may not be able to visualize and what one never expected also tend to be the natural tendency of His actions. He is hence referred to as

“kartum, akartum anyatakartum shaktah”…. Aprameya

Let us bow down to this infinite strength and offer our body, mind,speech and every other organ we use in our daily work to this infinite “Aprameya”





46) shri dhaaturuttamaaya namah

chaturmukha brahmanige niyaamaka uttamanu
dhaaturuttama namo sarveshvara neenu prakriti
dhaatugala vyavahaara pravartisuva swaamiyu
vaideeka shabdagalinda mukya vrittiayali vaachya

Shree Prasanna Shreenivasa Dasa has given a treasure on the method of upasana of the Lord , keeping the Vishnu Sahasranama as the basis for the unfoldment of the gunas of Vishnu, the inner controller of all. For this name,”dhAturuttamAya “, he connects the word dhAtu to the human body’s individual layers of cells which are the basic components of the physical body and clearly states that each and every command inside the cell and outside the cell is initiated by Him and Him only. The master of all is the one who sustains the actions of other deities too. He is the only one who is clearly extolled as the Supreme being in the Vedas.

Let us look at the following picture which is the cross section of a generalised cell.The thing about the body is that it  has many different kinds of cells and each of those are minutely tailored for the tasks that they need to accomplish.

The puranas and other texts portray Chaturmukha Brahma as the creator. He maybe the creator, but not the independent creator. “dhAturuttamA” is superior to Chaturmukha Brahma- the well known creator of the universe. Every atom or sub-atom in the universe is created through Brahma by “dhAturuttama”. Cells of beings need constant sustenance and the required nourishment, removal of waste, circulation and other components are continuously going on. It is not as if shrishti happens once and then there is nothing more to be done. The process of replenishment is always going on and hence “shrishTi” kirya is going on , through the other devathas controlled by MukyaprAna and he acting with the grace of Mahalakshmi.


In Ayurveda, the seven dhatus are considered in two ways. One set is the tvak, charma, rudhira, maamsa,majja,medhas and asti.  Another set of dhatus as per Ayurveda is:

Each of these tissue are extremely important and need to be nourished properly for their proper function. The breakdown of the food and the required nutrition to each dhatu is a miracle by itself. How does it happen?

modalu tvakchaRmagaLu mAMsavu


LidaroLage EkOnapaMchAshanmarudgaNavu

nidhana hiMkArAdi sAmaga

adara nAmadi karesutoMbha

ttadhika nAlvattenipa rUpadi dhAtugaLOLippa…HKAS_09-27

There are 49 marut devatas who govern the seven dhatus and Paramatma controls each and every small and minute activities that happen at that microscopic level.Every time we recollect that for any one do any action, for that matter, the Maruts or Mukyapraana inside the maruts , it is paramatma who is prANada- who mobilises their mind and indriyas , directly for MukyprAna and indirectly for others.

For every day that we are healthy, we have been healthy that we are existing, these functions of the dhatu need to be co-ordinated and that is Shri dhAturuttamAya’s grace.

45)shri vidhaatre namah-Exclusive bestower and bearer

uttama stotragala sweekarisi dharisuvi nee

vidhaata namah chandogama garudavaahananae

shruthi smritigalinda samstutya aashrayanu neenu

muktarugalige aashrayanu sukhadaata neene

My obeisances to Shri Prasanna Shrinivasa Dasaru who reveals the glory of Vishnu using the simple words of Kannada.

“O vidhAtre! You accept the offerings of words of truth, which are of a truly elevated nature and enable the person who made the offering to experience the benefits You deem fit. Your glory is revealed by the Vedas and You can be known as per one’s ability only from them. Even so, just a study of the Vedas will not be sufficient, You yourself should see it fit to grace Your devotee’s heart and then You come travelling in the fastest vehicle of all -Garuda. You are the best and sought after shelter of all those who believe in You. The sages and savants who are the instruments of handing down knowledge through shruthis and smrithis – hearing, listening, understanding and then handing them over to the next generation of saints. Those in the realised state, know You to be their sole shelter and as the one who bestows and sustains their bliss.The very fact that they are in the such a blissful state is a proof of Your grace and Your vast flawless abilities.”

The Bhagavatham documents the doings of VidhAta in detail. Take up any incident of a bhakta and You can see VidhAta in action.

PrahalAda believed and experienced “vidhAta”. He was fearless when tumulted into many a harrowing situation by his own father who despised him for his true love of Narayana, the Supreme one.

Dhruva experienced the grace of “vidhAta” . He received much more than he thought he needed when he set out to seek the grace of Hari.

Draupadi who believed in Krishna’s extraordinary abilities which were totally flawless and independent, received grace when she surrendered to Him as her only shelter.

The incidents that are documented in the Puranas and itihasas are aplenty. The lives of the great saints and Haridasas of the Madhwa tradition , when examined closely reveal the true glory of “vidhAta”.

Shri Jagannatha dasaru sought succour from a disease of the body and he found the medicine for treating the ailments afflicting the soul- bhavarOga. He approached the guru who believed in VidhAta and had a store of experiences in his different appearances as Prahalada and Vyasaraja. He approached the Parama guru who revealed the true nature of God and who was completely free from any kind of negative influence at any point in time. He was uplifted by “vidhAtA”.

ninna nA Ashrayisuvenu  nigamagOcharane nityA… Shri Purandara Dasaru

neenupEksha mADidare bere gati yAr enage ….Shri Purandara dasaru

He resides inside us and is ever ready to uplift us. We need to understand His true nature, albeit in a limited manner and yet grace comes without fail.

“oMde kUgaLAte vaikuMTA saMdEha villavo sAdu sajjanarige…” Shri Purandara dasaru

muktarugalige aashrayanu sukhadaata neene….. talks of the soul’s eternal dependence on this Supreme master. He is the shelter in Mukti also and makes the jiva experience bliss there . The VSN says ,’muktAnAm paramAmgatih”

My sincere obeisances to my gurugalu Shri Bannanje Govindacharyaru who inspires and enables an exploration of the gunas of Hari . The seeker’s earnestness is all that counts.

Dashavatara of Lord Vishnu – 10 Incarnations of Lord Vishnu on the ...

44)shri dhAtre namah!-The powerful Supreme who carries/bears everything

sweekarisi dharisi nee rakshisi pOshipa daata

baagi shira namO embe shreesha vEdesha sarvesha

EkAtma shrikarane brahmanadharisi nAbhiya

sukamaladi janmavittu porevi naarayana

You accept and nourish. I bow down to You , O consort of Shree, the Supreme being extolled by the Vedas and the controller of everyone and everything. You are the one and only such. There is none like You. You bestow wealth of various kinds on Your devotees. You bore Brahma in the beautiful lotus giving it existence from Your navel.

What acceptance is this “sweekarisi” referring to?It could be the plea for grace from the ardent devotee or it could be a devout offering from the devotee. Both have their place in God’s compassionate dealings.

iMdu ninna moreya hokke endigAdarenna poreyo shrinivAsane

The above is a beginning of a song by Shri Purandara dasaru. He says ,” I have sent in my pleas today, it is Your protection that I seek . He quietly conveys his staunch belief that there is no doubt about protection coming forth. It will come, as per one’s eligibility.

Jagannatha dasaru has said ,” koTTudanu kaikoMba oMdarekshaNa biTTagala…”

“Hari accepts the offering given to Him earnestly and bestows protection which is one of a kind. He never leaves the side of His devotee even for half a moment.”

manadoLage suMdara padArtava nenedu koDe kaikoMba…. koTTavaranu sadA santaisuvanu..”

“When a devotee offers beautiful things which one contemplates in one’s mind, Hari accepts them and bestows endless benefits on the devotee.”

Prasanna Shreenivasa Dasaru says, ” I bow down to You, O shreesha, Vedesha, sarvEsha” .In the context of “dhAtre” we look at each of these sambodhana’s used by Dasaru.

One who is able to accept the pleas of others and bestow protection or fruits  must be mighty and powerful. He who accepts the pleas of all devotees from time immemorial to infinity must be infinitely powerful. That is one of the meanings of “shreesha” Shri meaning -sampattu- wealth.”Infinite power/independence is the true wealth. All others depend on Him for any kind of wealth like, a body, mind, sense organs and the abilities to use them. ” Jagannatha dasaru has said ,”janapa mechchidarIva danavAhana vibhushana vasana bhUmiya…. tanu managalittAdariparuMTeno…….anavarata nenevavara anantAsanave modalAdAlayadolu…..” He bestows what none can. He protects and allows the jiva’s swabhava /innate nature to unfold. Finally when the jiva understands Him as the meaning of all sound, as the meaning of all words as Vedesha, He bestows the soul with aparOksha jnAna and such a chosen one receives the knowledge that He is sarvEsha .”The very same master who is my inner controller is the controller of each and every entity and thing.”

vittadEhAgAra dArA

patyamitrAdigaLoLage guNa

chittabuddhyadiMdriyagaLoLu j~nAnakaRmadoLu

tattadAhvayanAgi karesuta


nityadali tA mADimADipaneMdu smarisutiru.HKAS_05-10

shrIsha- All wealth is a means to reach Him. All wealth exists because of His grace. He is the sole owner of all wealth.

vEdesha- All knowledge culminates in the knowledge of His Superiority and independence. He is the master of all knowledge and reveals to each one as per their eligibily . Goal of study is to know Him as per one’s abilities.

sarvEsha – He is the master of wealth and knowledge. The entire infinite attributes possible are a form of wealth and He knows each and every minute being in all its states for all time. Hence bestows each one with the exact experience that one deserves at that time. There is no lack of resources for Him-shreesha, there is no lack of knowledge for Him – One need never feel that one’s good deeds will not be noticed, neither will the bad deeds be ignored. His infinite consciousness makes each and every one of the infinite souls accountable to Him.

Further all of us human beings feel bent under the weight of our responsibilities which we seemingly do not shine through.We always feel that it could have been done better, said better, heard better etc etc. There seems to be a lack in our doings which adds to the burden. Indeed our doings affect all those who are close to us and hence the burden multiplies. Contemplation on “dhAtre namah!”

 This upasana of Hari as our bimba muruti/inner controller who is the actual one who carries everything and sees to everything making us just the instrument, then the burden on our mind lifts . He who carries the entire Brahmanda with all the souls including the highest one Brahma carries everything effortlessly . The moment we accept our inability to actually carry anything at all, we are delivered from our anxiety and burdens and are able to live life with a light heart. All guilt and regret is washed off . Fresh enthusiasm to become His instrument in this universe wells up inside our hearts and life becomes a journey filled with peaceful acceptance.He is the one who unloads the weight of anxiety and worry and one can rest assured that He will do the needful, the best possible outcomes will be delivered to each and every soul based on their eligibility to obtain or enjoy.

Shri Purandara dasaru has said,

“chinte yaake mADuttiddi chinmayaniddaane

chintA ratnavembo anantaniddAne”