38)Shri Swayambhuve namah!Independence in assuming forms without loss of any kind

swatantranaagiye aavirbhavisuvi nee swayambhu

Adaradi namo embe deepaat deepaantara polu

mOdachinmaya avatAragaLa prakaTisuvi

matsyAdi avatAragaLu karma nimittavalla

ಸ್ವತಂತ್ರನಾಗಿಯೇ ಆವಿರ್ಭವಿಸುವಿ ನೀ ಸ್ವಯಂಭು
ಆದರದಿ ನಮೋ ಎಂಬೆ ದೀಪಾತ್ ದೀಪಾಂತರಂ ಪೋಲು
ಮೋದ ಚಿನ್ನಮಯ ಅವತಾರಗಳ ಪ್ರಕಟಿಸುವಿ
ಮತ್ಸ್ಯಾದಿ ಅವತಾರಗಳು ಕರ್ಮ ನಿಮಿತ್ತವಲ್ಲ

Shri Prasanna Shrinivasa Dasaru explains this name of the Lord describing His inherent capacity to exhibit as many forms as He wishes and to accomplish whatsoever He wishes . It is not that He cannot accomplish without that particular form as all His forms are equally potent .He makes an appearance in that form and performs actions during avataras as He pleases. Appearance or form does not bind Him, neither do time or place. Unlike the souls who are born or are made to take on bodies because of their previous karma, the Lord takes on forms as per His will and His forms are all of complete knowledge and bliss.

In the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna clarifies that His appearance as Krishna or any other avatar is totally mystic and exclusive. One who is able to understand this, will become free from transmigration and be blessed to obtain the grace of Krishna.

It becomes totally important to know about His avataras and the Vishnu sahasranama describes the various attributes of Hari in many a varied way. This name “sambhava” when taken with any other name becomes a wonderful way to understand “divya” in the shloka above.

Vishnu- sambhava – When He appears in any avatara also He is omnipresent,omniscient and omnipotent too. Viswam- sambhava – In avataras too, He is completely capable and is the cause of the existence of all others. Vashatkaara- Sambhava. As Krishna also He is Vashatkaara, the one with the six-fold sway on the jivas. He makes souls be born, makes them aware,makes them live, change , deteriorate and finally pass away.

Shree Lakshmi Shobane 49

hattu mattaru saasira streeyarali

hattu hattenipa kramadinda

putrara veeryadali shrishTisidavarunte

artiya shrishti Harigeedu

Here the limitless possibilities of Hari’s capability to create and sustain etc are seen.

All these explain Dasaru’s words ‘swatantranaagiye aavirbhavisuvi”.

Dasaru says ,” O Swayambhuve,I bow down to You ,  in deep reverence and complete humility. Your magnificence is beyond me as You are completely independent in Your innumerables forms, deeds and names.When You manifest in a particular form, the original form as well as the avatara form ,both are complete and auspicious even as a lamp that is lighted from another glowing lamp .The first lamp never loses its glory and brilliance and the second one also possesses the same flawless radiance as the first,. This is true,irrespective of how many ever lamps are lighted using the first lamp. This example is given in the Bhagavatham to clearly explain the infinite abilities of Hari. All analogies are limited but are quite apt when they are quoted to understand a particular attribute. Your auspicious attributes are powerful flawless and unbounded. “

Shri Vadirajaru says,

shri nArAyaNara janani janakara

naa neMba vaadi nuDiyalo

jANaradariMdariya mUlaroopava tori

shri nArasimhana avataara ||40||

aMbudiya udakadali oDedu mUDida kUrma

emba shri hariya pitanAru

emba shri hariya pitanAru adariMda swa-

yambugalella avatAra




Author: Parimala R

I am a student of Madhwa's philosophy and a listener of the expositions of Shri Madhwa's works through my gurugalu Shri Bannanje Govindacharya .This blog is an attempt to express the jewels contained in those along with the verses of a Haridasaru, Shri Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru . I speak on the verses of the Harikathamruthasaara to students at my place and in the nearby Turahalli Rayar mutt and also on skype. I am also into studying the Bhagavad gita closely with a small group, since the past year, the source of study being the expositions of Shri Bannanje .

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