31)Shree Avyayaaya namah!-The imperishable One

nAshavillada neenu avyaya namO namO yeMbe

nInu savitru maMDala madhyavarti nArAyaNa

shashvadEka prakAra ninna balaadi guNagaLu

aksheena avikAra nityavu poorNa sarvOtkrishTa

Shri Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru sings the great glory of the “Imperishable One”. In the Vishnu sahasranama this comes after “shrinidhi” and exhorts the nature of His opulence as that which is truly imperishable.

” O Imperishable one, I bow down to you again and again.You reside in the Savitru mandala-Sun and remain as the cause for all existence to be sustained in their respective bodies. The sun shines day after day relentlessly . This source of heat and light is illuminated by the opulent Lord who is always constant in His infinite auspicious attributes. His attributes of strength which never wanes,never undergoes distortion but remains constant and complete single Him as the master who is “sarvOtkrishTa”-The Supreme power.”


The Sun which illuminates our world and fills it with heat and warmth fails when it comes to illuminating this Bhagavantha. Lord Krishna says ,”na tad bhAsayate suryO na shashAMkO na pAvakah ” . This one phrase clearly shows His trancendence over all such light giving objects. He is the superior energy who illuminates these two and enables them to function day after day without respite until the time He wills it to dissolution. The awe-inspiring sound  “Om” resonates inside the Sun . This naada is the eternal mantra which glorifies “Avyaya” as the one who is the eternal sustainer of the jiva residing inside the life giving force emnating from the Sun as well as residing right inside the jiva as the antaryAmi.

He is the one and only one capable of such sustenance as His innate powers of strength etc are infintie and never decay or deteriorate with time or place. They remain complete and full in all respects eternally. Such a Supreme power is to be comprehended as per one’s abilities as eternally completely full of auspicious attributes .Such a comprehension is quite above the limited powers of the human mind and it remains quite mystically unless a glimpse of it is revealed by the Lord Himself. So all human endeavour is towards that end, of pleasing God and securing His prasada/benefaction ,critical to release from samsaara.

This explanation of avyaya by Shri Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru is an attempt to help one transcend the limitations of the mind which conceives of all powers,statuses,entities as temproary and depleting with time and depending on the place. It is precisely because of this that he gives the opposites of those observed by one in the world as the spontaneous attributes of the gunas of Hari. aksheeNa- never expereincing loss due to expense,giving away, stolen or any other kind which we observe in the world. However much the Lord dispenses His karuna,His ojas,His sahas etc etc… it never depletes. However much or in whatever form He weilds His power it never is transformed or deteriorated in anyway. It always remains in its full glory without expectation from any other entites. Such a constancy is seen up a limited extent in the Sun and Dasaru declares this Sun itself is sustained by “Avyaya”.

savitru- means Surya

savitru also means the stimulator, the vivifier etc

surya-means -surigalinda gamyanaadava. He who is seen by the jnanis as per their ability- Who is that ? It cannot be a qualification for the sun as the sun is seen by all. Then whom does it refer to ? Of course, it is referring to that Supreme who sustains the sun to

Who birghten and lights up everything. The cause and sustainer of life itself is Avyaya.

Dasaru talks about “balaadi guNagalu” referring to the definition of Bhagavan or Purusha which is “shadguNa aishwarya poorNa”- bala, shakthi,jnAna,aishwarya,veerya and tejas.

These are pointers to the infinite capabilities and attributes of Bhagavan/Purusha. The lead the sadhaka deeper and deeper into realms of wonder at His boundless energies which never sag or suffer from transformation due to any cause. Let us bow down to this flawless Avyaya and seek His grace to become free from the limitations that bind us to this samsaara.





Author: Parimala R

I am a student of Madhwa's philosophy and a listener of the expositions of Shri Madhwa's works through my gurugalu Shri Bannanje Govindacharya .This blog is an attempt to express the jewels contained in those along with the verses of a Haridasaru, Shri Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru . I speak on the verses of the Harikathamruthasaara to students at my place and in the nearby Turahalli Rayar mutt and also on skype. I am also into studying the Bhagavad gita closely with a small group, since the past year, the source of study being the expositions of Shri Bannanje .

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