24)Shree purushOttamaaya namah!

bahuvaada utkrishTa purushOttamane namO

bahuLa IshAnAdigaLigu mukta amuktarigu

shrIlakshmigu uttamanu bhUtida udAranu

mahaishwarya pUrNa kalyANatamaroopa sarvEsha

O Supreme Purusha, I offer my humble obeisances to You who are the highest and most Superior in all aspects. There may be entities who control many things, You are Superior to all of them ,You are Superior to those who are free from the bondage of samsaara, as well as those enmeshed in it,You are Superior to Shri Lakshmi also as You are the sole bestower of their status,You are the cause for the actualization of their innate abilities which would never see the light of day, without Your benevolence and grace. Your generous compassion sustains all others. This generosity is Your inherent nature and You have the necessary power to bestow. The powers of knowledge,strength,control,resources,resilence and brilliance find their source in You. You are hence the most auspicious One with control on all others.

The name “purushottama” is the apt name which describes the soverign powers of Vishnu. In the bhagavad Gita, Krishna tells Arjuna about His magnificence in the fifteenth chapter and describes the different entities who may appear to be powerful but are actually sustained by Him. He is not sustained by anyone and everyone has to defer to Him. The sun and the moon may light up the sky but they can never light Him up. His abode is totally unique and special and great, for one who goes there never returns.He resides in the heart lotus of every soul and regulates every thought, word and deed. He resides in the stomach and digests the food. He bestows knowledge, initiates loss of memory. He is only One revealed by all the vedas. Dasaru uses a word,”bahuvaada” to describe  “utkrishTa”. His greatness extends infinitely in innumerable fields. It knows no restrictions and such a Supreme personality is known by the name “purushOttama”. The word “namo” after this reveals the emotion of this speech addressed to Vishnu. It implies the realization of the omnipotence of the Lord ,”bahula utikrishTa” and the desire to surrender completely to such a capable master.

Every action in the universe if performed by this Purushothama, using others as instruments to function as per His will. The order in the Universe clearly points to the fact that there should be uniquely omnipotent being who can control everything and keep it functioning as per the design of the universe. The Sun has an governing deity known as “Surya”, the Prana or life force is inside Surya and Purushottama is the ultimate controller inside Prana.

What would happen if the Sun suddenly dissappeared?

Solar eclipse

[Anything in orbit around the Sun is basically moving fast enough to be in a constant state of freefall towards it. If the planets, for example, suddenly stopped moving they would immediately be pulled towards the Sun and fall into it.

So, let’s imagine that, due to some unknown reason, our Sun suddenly vanished. In this instance all the planets, asteroids, comets and whatever else would retain their forward motion. Therefore, rather than fall towards the now nonexistent Sun, they would fly off in a straight line into space.] More at …….

What would happen if the Sun disappeared?

Even at a traffic intersection where there is no authoritative controller, the vehicles move about in a hap-hazard way and cause accidents and jams. The universe with its complex structure and design definitely has a Supreme controller who can never be disobeyed by anyone anytime. All things happen as per His will only and He is the one who performs the tasks through others.

After the word ‘namo’ comes the extended explanation of the phrases before “namo” which is actually a direct representation of the corresponding Brihati sahasra mantra.Here Dasaru declares that He is superior to many who are powerful, who may be in the state of moksha, who may be in amukta state , who is also superior to even Shri Lakshmi. Here the word “Shri Lakshmi:” is of significance. It conveys the greatness of Lakshmi as “shri” one who is immersed in bliss. Her innate natural devotion to the Lord is the cause for her constant happiness. Her knowledge of Vishnu’s immense and infinite abilities and attributes makes Her wonder in awe and thus get immersed in bliss.

The knowledge and complete faith in the existence of a Supreme All powerful controller is a great relief for those in samsaara as it removes the constant nagging fear about things done or undone, decisions made or not made etc.When He is the kind master, we can remain in patient understanding that He has a reason for everything. It may not be obvious at first. It is no wonder that the Gita prescribes acceptance of His will for redressal of accumulation of karma. This acceptance should be spontaneous and such spontaneity can come only with a firm faith and knowledge of His Supremacy and overall control.



Author: Parimala R

I am a student of Madhwa's philosophy and a listener of the expositions of Shri Madhwa's works through my gurugalu Shri Bannanje Govindacharya .This blog is an attempt to express the jewels contained in those along with the verses of a Haridasaru, Shri Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru . I speak on the verses of the Harikathamruthasaara to students at my place and in the nearby Turahalli Rayar mutt and also on skype. I am also into studying the Bhagavad gita closely with a small group, since the past year, the source of study being the expositions of Shri Bannanje .

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