15)The all perceiver-sAkshine namah!

sAkshAddarshiyu sAkshi ninage namo embeno

sarvAdhyakshanu sarvatOmukhanu shree mahAvishnO

bhutAMtarAtma neenu prAkrita guNa rahitanu

shruti smritigalu nee sAkshi ennutivayO sheesha

O omnipresent perceiver , You are known as The omniscient eye-witness, I bow down humbly to Your perfect presence everywhere.You are the chairperson of every event that occurs in this universe, You are the one with innumerable faces, all observer, complete in all powers and are the also the one and only instigator of all action being inside those who are capable of action and making them perform. Yet, you remain free from the three gunas which are the basic threads of this universe. O consort of Shree,Your glory as “sAkshi” is sung in all the Shrutis and Smritis.

sa +akshi – he who has the indriyas which can perceive

saakshaat ikshate saakshi – who sees everything with his own indriyas , without any limits or boundaries

One may ask ,”Do we not have indriyas which perceive? ” We do. But our indriyas are driven by forces other than our own will . Our sense organs are influenced by the three gunas. Our sense organs are controlled by deities who are in turn controlled by Mukyapraana and he is further empowered by Hari.  The indriyas of the Lord are non-different from Him and are completely auspicious and all powerful. He is the only witness of everything  as without His will we do not perceive anything.

“obbanali nintADuvanu mattobbanali nODuvanu mAtADuvanu beragAgi……” Karuna sandhi , HKS

“nOdi nODisuva, kEli kElisuva ….” As the bimba,inner controller, He has to make us see or hear for us to do so. He is the one and only sAkshi. He observes everything and dispenses as per their efforts , karma and inherent nature.

The Brihadaaranyaka Upanishad declares

ekO devah………………………

………………………………….sAkshi kevalo nirgunashcha ||

He is the observer of everything. How does it impact on us and our behavior?

Since He is the dispenser of the fruit of all action and effort, whatever we do is observed by Him and so we become aware that there is nothing that one can hide from Him and if at all we make an attempt, then that also is perceived by Him making our effort futile in yielding positive fruits but instead leading us to load ourself with negative karma. There is no question of exhibitionism in upasana or prayer. There is  nothing to be gained from it except temporary praise from the ignorant. Knowing His guna as the observer, when one becomes aware of past action which was negative then one should open up before Him and seek His mercy. He has not just seen us in action, but He was the original instigator of all action, so trying to put up a front is futile.

Shri Purandara dasaru says ,

“nageyu barutide yenage nageyu barutide “

In the song he describes the foolish acts of people who pretend to be engaged in dharmic activities while their mind is engaged elsewhere. It is something which makes me laugh, he says. Why so ? It is because the sAkshi observes the outward actions as well as the mental thoughts, which contribute as a factor for consideration while dispensing fruits. Obviously, the actor is obviously unware of this and hence the humour in the song.

The three gunas in nature -satva, rajas and tamas control the way we perceive events.The Lord who is above the three gunas and is the Lord of Lakshmi the abhimaani or controller of the gunas is unaffected by these gunas. Hence also He is the only true perceiver.

sadguNava kaddavara aghava kadivanu anagha nendenisi…..

By contemplating on the Lord in this manner, one obtains clarity in perception which is of utmost necessity in obtaining true knowledge. All need to impress others is also slowly overcome as the One whom we actually need to impress sees through any pretences. Being ourselves, without any attachment to any image one can slowly move towards a sense of calmness which fosters contemplation and enables true awareness to occur.



Author: Parimala R

I am a student of Madhwa's philosophy and a listener of the expositions of Shri Madhwa's works through my gurugalu Shri Bannanje Govindacharya .This blog is an attempt to express the jewels contained in those along with the verses of a Haridasaru, Shri Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru . I speak on the verses of the Harikathamruthasaara to students at my place and in the nearby Turahalli Rayar mutt and also on skype. I am also into studying the Bhagavad gita closely with a small group, since the past year, the source of study being the expositions of Shri Bannanje .

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