12) Eternal saviour and succour-Shree Muktaanaam paramaam gataye namah

Shree Prasanna Shreenivasa Dasa gurubhyoh namah!

muktarugaLa parama prApyanAgi iruvi nee

muktAnAm paramAgataye namaste vyAsa ukti

muktOpasripya vyapadEshAchcha sUtra nirNayavu

mattu paramjyOIti rupasampadya ityAdigaLu

O master, You are the highest goal to be obtained ever and those who are free from samsaara, they obtain that state of freedom and by Your grace. Their resultant state of bliss is sustained by Your mighty will and grace. Hence, You are sought after as the final destination by the good souls and they do reach You according to their capacities as per Your will. This is declared by Lord VedavyAsa Himself in the Brahma sutras. The sutras are the deciding statements which clearly  and crisply indicate the intention of the other shrutis/sadaagamas. That the muktas approach You , seek You out to the exclusion of all else,assured of Your grace is the declaration. The other declaration is that knowledge about Your glory is the highest knowledge that one should aspire for and the muktas obtain such brilliance in perception through their inherent knowledge  as per Your will for each one. “

The word “ityAdigalu” clearly hints that there are many other such statements in the sutras which support and assent the meaning of this nama.

When one is in bondage, one cannot perceive the truth correctly. This holds true for small and mundane issues. If we are faced with a difficult situation, the ancients advise us to clear the mind of pre-conceived attachments to certain outcomes and think with an open mind. This word open, signifies that even if we temporarily set aside our attachments and biases we would be free to see the truth in that situation.The sutras says ,”The muktas see Him as their final goal and knowledge about Him as the highest knowledge.” The word ,”muktas ” itself disclose that they are free from misconceptions and ignorance which exist in samsaara and see this great truth in clarity.

The whole of samsaara which is a series of births and deaths for each jiva is nothing but bondage. What kind of bondage? It is not the bonds of ropes that bind us, but the bonds of attachment that spring up in our mind causing us to be bound , our thought becomes biased as we start thinking in terms of achieving something which keeps our attachment to the object concerned alive and fresh. The binding thoughts cause us to be deluded.What is true becomes unimportant, what is beneficial in the short term becomes important. Who causes this bondage? Our own karma- But our karma is not an intelligent force. The infinitely powerful intelligent force which observes all, is the dispenser of the fruits of karma which bind us in different ways. To swim across this ocean of samsaara, one has to always bear in the mind  the Lord is the highest end to be reached when one is free of samsaara. The point to be noted here is that samsaara, though seemingly endless, still remains temporary and goals which are part of this external world of objects and sensual pleasures are also temporary. These short-lived pleasures are also dispensed by the eternal saviour and succour – muktAnAm paramAm gataye . This is the knowledge which liberates and gives the jiva the highest benefit of securing the grace of God.

The simple meaning of this nama is that He is the highest destination and He is the dispenser of all benefits including the highest benefit that any jiva can ever attain, which is mukti. If we can keep alive these two aspects and remember Him with gratitude ,in our daily life, all our hankerings for anything in this world will slowly and surely take a back seat and will slowly dissappear. This is not something that happens instantly but takes many many births. Shree Prasanna Shreenivasa Dasaru cites the final declaration of the Brahma sutras to inculcate firm faith in the devotee that He is there , waiting for the true devotee. He definitely is the one object for which we should strive for , though not directly obtainable in samsaara, but surely obtainable as per one’s yogyatha in mukthi. This makes it all the more relevant to contemplate on it.

The highest goal of a satvic soul is mukti and the highest objective is the Lord who is the giver of moksha where the soul experiences pure bliss as per one’s own inherent capacity(swabhava). This experience of bliss is bestowed on the jiva by Paramatma. He does not just bestow, but enables the jiva to experience such bliss as He sees fit for each one, eternally.



Author: Parimala R

I am a student of Madhwa's philosophy and a listener of the expositions of Shri Madhwa's works through my gurugalu Shri Bannanje Govindacharya .This blog is an attempt to express the jewels contained in those along with the verses of a Haridasaru, Shri Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru . I speak on the verses of the Harikathamruthasaara to students at my place and in the nearby Turahalli Rayar mutt and also on skype. I am also into studying the Bhagavad gita closely with a small group, since the past year, the source of study being the expositions of Shri Bannanje .

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