10) Shree pUtAtmane namah!

nirdOsha supavitra pUtAtma namO embe

shashwat supavitra mUla avatAra sarvadalu

sadA apahatapApma nirlipta neenu saMbhoga

prAptichEn vaishEshyAt eMdu nirNaya sUtra

O pUtAtmane , the purest of the pure, I bow down to You who are completely flawless and full of auspiciousness. Your purity is boundless, unlimited by time or space. You are completely pure in all Your  forms-be it moola or avatara.You are always free from impurity and remain untainted. You are the only one who is the complete enjoyer and it is your exclusive quality. This is the final decision declared by the Sutras.

The major types of doshas described in the shastras are swaroopa naasha, deha naasha, dukkha praapti and aswatantra. A little on each of these types. The first one is where the actual object is destroyed like an insentient object-pot. The second is where there is loss of the gross body-jiva/soul and the third type is for the sentient beings including devathas and others who are succeptable to grief and loss. The last type is for all including Lakshmi .The Lord is free from any of these shortcomings.

The world as we know it is full of impurity at various levels, if at all anything is a little pure, then it is just for a little while before it gets tainted . Nothing remains eternally pure in this world. Any purity that is achieved gets tainted by attachment and ego. There is no question of a completeness of any aspect in this samsara. The Lord is completely different from this description. Those who are entangled in this web of impurity, taint and bondage have only one way to get themselves released from it and that is by contemplation on this guna of the Lord. He is flawless. When we encounter flaws in our own selves, our way of thinking if we are able to contemplate on this guna, one can secure the Lord’s grace to overcome the flaws as per one’s eligibility.

Shree Jagannatha dasaru says ,” sadguNava kaddavara aghava kadivanu anaghanendenisi”

This pUtAtma nama itself declares the He is purity itself embodied. Bheeshmacharya declares, “pavitraNaam pavitram yo mangalanaam cha mangalam” even before he begins to describe the 1000 names of God in an attempt to describe His infinite glory . Anything that is pure acquires its purity because of God’s will for it to be pure. The ancients declared that the theertha’s like Ganga, Yamuna etc are pure and fire is also blemishless.It is His will that makes them so. But even these have their own limitations. If external factors pollute the waters or fire extinguishers are used on a fire, it will cease .

 One notes that this purity of a thing is never constant and is a changing phenomena. It is a dependent factor and it depends on many factors which remain out of our control . If one cleanses through washing, the contact with the external environment soon makes the body unclean. The internal body is all the time filled with flesh, blood and waste keeps getting accumulated in the excretory organs. This endless process happens and it should happen for the well being of the person. So one observes that constant purity is a far fetched ideal in samsara. If this is the case of the physical body, then what of the mind? the nature of the mind itself is to decide on something and then again change that decision within minutes. The inputs from the world continuously taint the mind. The feelings of desire cause anger, jealousy, greed ,excessive attachment and pride. For each of these factors Shree Prasanna Shreenivasa Dasaru gives a good antidote. He describes the way to contemplate so that we may attempt to please God to free ourselves from impurity.

 He whose name is itself pure and has the ability to cleanse the one who contemplates on it ,has innumerable forms, all complete and pure. When the mind is filled with negative thoughts then it drags the body with it making it unfit for doing useful work. The mind can become positive by contemplating on positive things- this is not just told by the ancients but also by recent research in the most sophisticated laboratories. Now Dasaru says that there is no thing which is more positive than Hari. He is flawless ,full of attributes ,beautiful and remains constantly so being unaffected by anything. Nothing can fetter or taint Him. Such is the glory of Hari described in the Puranas and Itihasas where He appears in different forms and displays His bountiful benevolence.Contemplating on the completeness and purity of any of the forms moves us towards heightened positivity and bliss. Impurity makes us averse to contemplation on the purest of the pure and this makes it all the more necessary to engage in contemplation.The avataras of Hari which portray His gunas in the form of a story ,make it easier for the sadhaka to engage in contemplation of the unpolluted glory of the Lord.

The final point stressed on in the sutras also is that He is the only true enjoyer and this is a corollary of His guna of being totally pure. Purity is beauty. Beauty bring bliss. This is a natural sequence designed by the Lord and He is the most complete in all of these gunas as seen by the name ,”pUtAtma” and “saMbhoga”. These gunas are unique to Him.

How do we understand and apply this to maximise our enjoyments of the experiences we encounter in life. Let us observe a little. We find pure enjoyment in small babies yet unaware of the world. A simple smile is enough to make the baby happy. A peek a boo is enough to give it happiness. But as the child grows its mind gets contaminated with the various choices available and it compares and contrasts , shows preferences etc which are all defects and hence causes a decrease in enjoyment. The innocence of being able to take the world as it is, is true surrender and that is possible only by contemplating on the purest of the pure entities.”pUtAtma”. He is pure and is unbounded in space, time and attributes which attest His complete purity.

He is the giver of the form, the provider of the situations in life and controls each and every thing very impartially with a complete knowledge about every soul and its requirements for unfoldment. The more we are aware of His complete sway over everything and our inability to change situations at will, we can learn to accept things in an easy manner and look for aspects in our life for which we can be grateful. This attitude is a step towards purity. When we refuse to accept a certain thing,it causes grief, anger etc which pollute the mind, so the surest way to keep our mind clean to to accept things as the bountiful gift of the purest Lord who has no benefit in doing any favours to us, nor is He bound to do so, yet He does eternally due to His boundless compassion which is pure and spontaneous.

I bow down in humble reverence to this Supreme pUtAtma.


Author: Parimala R

I am a student of Madhwa's philosophy and a listener of the expositions of Shri Madhwa's works through my gurugalu Shri Bannanje Govindacharya .This blog is an attempt to express the jewels contained in those along with the verses of a Haridasaru, Shri Prasanna Shreenivasa dasaru . I speak on the verses of the Harikathamruthasaara to students at my place and in the nearby Turahalli Rayar mutt and also on skype. I am also into studying the Bhagavad gita closely with a small group, since the past year, the source of study being the expositions of Shri Bannanje .

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